Maternal capital has helped increase birthrates in Russia, but its contribution to total fertility has been limited so far, with just 15 more children per 100 women of reproductive age, according to Fabian Slonimczyk and Anna Yurko, Associate Professors at the HSE International College of Economics and Finance. On the other hand, the proportion of women wishing to have more than one child has increased, and postponed births tend to occur sooner than planned, apparently influenced by the country's pro-fertility policies.
March 11, 2016
An elderly person can be described as aging successfully when they maintain good health and engage in fulfilling social activities. According to Larisa Kosova, Director of the HSE Joint Economic and Social Data Archive, poor health and a lack of savings often prevent older people in Russia from enjoying retirement.
February 19, 2016
Far from being passive, Muscovites – at least more than half of them –
are more likely than residents of other Russian cities to join together with others
in pursuit of a common cause, engage in civic campaigns online, and trust other
people and non-profit organizations (NGOs). While in terms of offline civic
engagement Muscovites do not differ much from the rest of the country, their
activity can be encouraged by creating an appropriate infrastructure, according
to Irina Mersiyanova, Director of the HSE Centre for Studies of Civil Society
and Non-Profit Sector, and Irina Korneeva, Research Fellow of the same Centre.
February 10, 2016
Women who have moved to another part of the country tend to have higher
fertility than those who stay in the same community all their lives. Relocation
often improves a woman's life circumstances and broadens her choice of marriage
partner, thus supporting her reproductive intentions, according to Svetlana
Biryukova, Senior Research Fellow of the HSE Center for Studies of Income and
Living Standards, and Alla Tyndik, Leading Research Fellow at the RANEPA.
February 05, 2016
Shadow education for high school students, such as private tutors or
preparatory courses, is often treated by families as a mega-project requiring
substantial investments of money and effort. Such investments, however, rarely
pay off for underachieving students who are often unaware of the quality of
shadow education and thus may choose the wrong providers. A study by Andrey
Zakharov, Deputy Head of the HSE Institute of Education’s International
Laboratory for Education Policy Analysis, and Prashant Loyalka, leading
research fellow of the same Institute, has debunked some of the more popular
myths concerning the effect of shadow education.
January 18, 2016
The Russian family has been becoming more demographically heterogeneous over recent years. Some of the families follow the trend of having many children: women more often give birth to a third and fourth child, and the gap between births is decreasing, which makes the evolution of the family faster. At the same time, younger generations are inclined to postpone marriage and having their first child, which leads either to later motherhood or to childlessness. This means that two opposite trends are developing; along with the growing share of ‘Western-type’ families, with postponed parenthood and fewer children, there is a revival of the traditional family with more children, Sergey Zakharov, Deputy Director of the HSE Institute of Demography, reported.
November 18, 2015
Many management students have difficulties predicting their career paths for the next five or ten years. Some of the students obviously have big hoped for their future and are confident about rapid career growth. They believe that by 30 they will be able to become top-level managers in medium and big organizations, and will never repeat the mistakes of their principals and teachers. Svetlana Satikova, Associate Professor at the Department of Management of HSE in St. Petersburg, studied the career expectations of future managers.
November 17, 2015
The level of education has a direct impact on young Russians’ chances of getting a job. Young men and women with some post-secondary education – in particular those with higher education – experience a shorter transition to their first employment and a fairly low risk of staying unemployed, while those with just nine year of compulsory secondary school – in fact, 20% of Russians under 29 – are likely to remain unemployed for prolonged periods, according to Elena Varshavskaya, professor of the HSE Department of Human Resources Management.
October 27, 2015
More than one in three Russian CEOs hold more than one academic degree, making them stand out dramatically compared to the general public. By going back to school and pursuing lifelong learning, senior executives expect to increase their knowledge, human capital and income, according to Sergey Solntsev, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE Laboratory for Labour Market Studies.
October 05, 2015
Ambiguous attitudes held by the heirs of Russian
moguls may affect the future of the country's big businesses. On one hand, the
children of wealthy Russian business owners have an excellent headstart – they
are well-educated and generally share their parents' values. Yet on the other
hand, they are not likely to become selfless workaholics. Instead, they tend to
be more hedonistic than their parents and less inclined to devote their entire
life to building the family business. Most Russian business heirs expect to
retire early and switch to hobbies, recreation and entertainment in their
mid-life. Elena Rozhdestvenskaya, professor of the HSE Faculty of Social
Sciences, is the
first Russian researcher to study the mindsets of heirs of biggest Russian fortunes.
September 30, 2015
Coming from a low-income, uneducated family can affect a child’s language
skills, resulting in underdeveloped, ungrammatical speech, which hinders academic
performance and limits one’s chances of success in life. However, parents can
help a child offset the effects of a negative family background, according to Kirill
Maslinsky, research fellow at the Laboratory of Sociology in Education and Science,
HSE campus in St. Petersburg.
September 18, 2015
It is increasingly common for scientists to
engage the general public in dialogue and involve people in research rather
than communicating with them in a haughty or condescending manner. We are
witnessing the hybridization of research institutes: researchers are more
actively collaborating with the media, civil society, and the customers for
research, HSE Associate Professor Roman Abramov and Senior Lecturer at the
Department for the Analysis of Social Institutions Andrei Kozhanov noted in an
September 09, 2015