Parents of school students in Moscow tend to believe that test assignments in two major final exams—the Basic State Exam (BSE) and the Unified State Exam (USE)—are too complex and teachers fail to properly prepare students for the finals; this negative attitude, which appears to be a widely-held stereotype not necessarily supported by evidence, is formed long before the exams come round. However, according to a study by Alina Pishnyak and Natalia Khalina, once the exams are over, families no longer consider them so hard to pass.
August 28, 2015
The opportunity to find an interesting and well-paid job, a comfortable socio-cultural environment, and friendly and professional contacts in the new location are all essential factors for graduates of universities from Russian regions who are planning to move to another city. Saida Ziganurova, Research Assistant at the HSE Center for Institutional Studies, studied the migration potential among young professionals.
August 25, 2015
Many young employees of museums, art centres and galleries, libraries and
publishing houses move up the career ladder fairly fast, yet workplace success
comes at a cost, forcing them to work beyond normal hours and outside formal
job descriptions. Nevertheless, employees of cultural institutions are prepared
to make the extra effort to help their organisations survive, according to
Margarita Kuleva, lecturer at the Department of Sociology, HSE campus in St.
August 21, 2015
By choosing education for their children, parents tend to perpetuate
social inequalities. While educated middle-class parents invest in their
children's future by selecting the best possible school and becoming actively
involved in the educational process, working-class families often feel they
cannot afford to choose and instead, send children to the nearest school,
expecting them to make it on their own, according to Larisa Shpakovskaya,
Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, HSE Campus in St.
August 18, 2015
and commercialization of health issues in today’s Western culture have led to
growing healthism – a peremptory idea of self-preserving behaviour. This
approach criticizes everything that fails to fit into the glamorous standards
of a beautiful, young and slim body. In extreme forms, healthism is close to
eugenics, which selects a ‘correct’ heredity. But even simple concerns about
the ‘standards’ of physical condition may provoke hypercorrection, such as
surgery on a healthy body, said Evgenia Golman, lecturer at the HSE Faculty of
Social Sciences Department of General Sociology, in her article published in
the Journal of Social Policy Studies.
July 17, 2015
Social workers tend to believe that society underestimates the
complexity of their mission and fails to fully appreciate the gift of caring
and compassion that they offer their clients. Experts warn that social work may
lead to burnout, unless practitioners are taught the skills of managing their
emotions in dealing with clients and equipped with standard algorithms
facilitating their 'emotional work' and thus helping to alleviate stress,
according to Olga Simonova, Deputy Head of the HSE Department of General
July 06, 2015
Russian businesses have been slow in adopting new media tools. Many companies continue to rely on official websites to reach out to customers and avoid using social media and blogs, as they are not ready for an equal dialogue with external audiences, according to Iosif Dzyaloshinsky and Maria Pilgun, professors of the HSE Faculty of Communication, Media and Design.
June 17, 2015
Relations between Muscovites and migrant workers from the CIS are plagued by myths circulating in the mass consciousness. In her research, Yulia Florinskaya, a Senior Researcher with HSE’s Institute of Demography, refutes prevalent statements that migrants not only take jobs from Muscovites, but also seriously increase the burden on healthcare and intentionally maintain illegal status.
June 08, 2015
The proportion of interethnic marriages in Russia varies widely depending on ethnicity. How common mixed-ethnicity families are depends largely on couples' ability to overcome cultural, religious and social differences between their ethnic groups and also on settlement and migration patterns. In his ground-breaking research, Eugeny Soroko, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE Institute of Demography, measured the relative ‘distances’ between ethnic Russians and ten other ethnic groups using a tool he invented – the mixed family matrix.
June 05, 2015
companies engage in social responsibility in order to to improve their reputation,
be more competitive, and to gain political benefits and some degree of control
over society. In Russia, however, businesses convert social investment into
informal privileges granted to them by government, according to a paper by Olga
Kuzina, Professor of the HSE Department of Economic Sociology, and Marina
Chernysheva, postgraduate student at the same department.
May 26, 2015
Migrants from Central Asia in Moscow are often involved in hard physical work and live in bad conditions, both of which affect their health. But the access to medical aid is complicated for them due to their social isolation. As a result, foreign labourers use alternative strategies of therapy: from self-treatment, which is fraught with exacerbating the condition, to going to private ‘ethnic’ clinics. Daniil Kashnitsky, Assistant Researcher at the HSE Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS), analyzed the medical aid for migrants in the Russian capital.
May 22, 2015
big businesses in Russia may never become family dynasties. Only a few business
owners have succession plans in place, but many have never considered the issue,
for reasons ranging from their heirs being too young to avoiding conflict in
the family to resenting the lack of institutions in Russia to support effective
wealth succession. Instead, most entrepreneurs are planning to retain control
of their business for as long as possible, according to researchers from the
HSE Faculty of Social Sciences and the Skolkovo Wealth Transformation Centre.
For the first time ever, they examined the attitudes of Russia's major capital
owners towards business and wealth succession.
May 20, 2015