Shadow education for high school students, such as private tutors or
preparatory courses, is often treated by families as a mega-project requiring
substantial investments of money and effort. Such investments, however, rarely
pay off for underachieving students who are often unaware of the quality of
shadow education and thus may choose the wrong providers. A study by Andrey
Zakharov, Deputy Head of the HSE Institute of Education’s International
Laboratory for Education Policy Analysis, and Prashant Loyalka, leading
research fellow of the same Institute, has debunked some of the more popular
myths concerning the effect of shadow education.
January 18, 2016
The Russian family has been becoming more demographically heterogeneous over recent years. Some of the families follow the trend of having many children: women more often give birth to a third and fourth child, and the gap between births is decreasing, which makes the evolution of the family faster. At the same time, younger generations are inclined to postpone marriage and having their first child, which leads either to later motherhood or to childlessness. This means that two opposite trends are developing; along with the growing share of ‘Western-type’ families, with postponed parenthood and fewer children, there is a revival of the traditional family with more children, Sergey Zakharov, Deputy Director of the HSE Institute of Demography, reported.
November 18, 2015
Many management students have difficulties predicting their career paths for the next five or ten years. Some of the students obviously have big hoped for their future and are confident about rapid career growth. They believe that by 30 they will be able to become top-level managers in medium and big organizations, and will never repeat the mistakes of their principals and teachers. Svetlana Satikova, Associate Professor at the Department of Management of HSE in St. Petersburg, studied the career expectations of future managers.
November 17, 2015
The level of education has a direct impact on young Russians’ chances of getting a job. Young men and women with some post-secondary education – in particular those with higher education – experience a shorter transition to their first employment and a fairly low risk of staying unemployed, while those with just nine year of compulsory secondary school – in fact, 20% of Russians under 29 – are likely to remain unemployed for prolonged periods, according to Elena Varshavskaya, professor of the HSE Department of Human Resources Management.
October 27, 2015
More than one in three Russian CEOs hold more than one academic degree, making them stand out dramatically compared to the general public. By going back to school and pursuing lifelong learning, senior executives expect to increase their knowledge, human capital and income, according to Sergey Solntsev, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE Laboratory for Labour Market Studies.
October 05, 2015
Ambiguous attitudes held by the heirs of Russian
moguls may affect the future of the country's big businesses. On one hand, the
children of wealthy Russian business owners have an excellent headstart – they
are well-educated and generally share their parents' values. Yet on the other
hand, they are not likely to become selfless workaholics. Instead, they tend to
be more hedonistic than their parents and less inclined to devote their entire
life to building the family business. Most Russian business heirs expect to
retire early and switch to hobbies, recreation and entertainment in their
mid-life. Elena Rozhdestvenskaya, professor of the HSE Faculty of Social
Sciences, is the
first Russian researcher to study the mindsets of heirs of biggest Russian fortunes.
September 30, 2015
Coming from a low-income, uneducated family can affect a child’s language
skills, resulting in underdeveloped, ungrammatical speech, which hinders academic
performance and limits one’s chances of success in life. However, parents can
help a child offset the effects of a negative family background, according to Kirill
Maslinsky, research fellow at the Laboratory of Sociology in Education and Science,
HSE campus in St. Petersburg.
September 18, 2015
It is increasingly common for scientists to
engage the general public in dialogue and involve people in research rather
than communicating with them in a haughty or condescending manner. We are
witnessing the hybridization of research institutes: researchers are more
actively collaborating with the media, civil society, and the customers for
research, HSE Associate Professor Roman Abramov and Senior Lecturer at the
Department for the Analysis of Social Institutions Andrei Kozhanov noted in an
September 09, 2015
Encouraging entrepreneurship, providing social support services and
helping people find jobs are all part of a new ‘social contract’ programme
introduced across Russia to assist poor families in becoming financially
self-sufficient. Using formal contracts to encourage low-income people to
engage in economic activity is proving to be more effective than welfare
handouts, according to researchers of the HSE Centre for Studies of Income and
September 08, 2015
Over the past two decades, the average life expectancy in Russia has increased by 2.3 years for women and 1.4 years for men, according to a recently published paper based on the WHO's Global Burden of Disease (GBD) assessment – a major epidemiological study by a group of international experts, including Vasily Vlassov, Professor of the HSE Department of Health Care Administration and Economy.
September 03, 2015
Parents of school students in Moscow tend to believe that test assignments in two major final exams—the Basic State Exam (BSE) and the Unified State Exam (USE)—are too complex and teachers fail to properly prepare students for the finals; this negative attitude, which appears to be a widely-held stereotype not necessarily supported by evidence, is formed long before the exams come round. However, according to a study by Alina Pishnyak and Natalia Khalina, once the exams are over, families no longer consider them so hard to pass.
August 28, 2015
The opportunity to find an interesting and well-paid job, a comfortable socio-cultural environment, and friendly and professional contacts in the new location are all essential factors for graduates of universities from Russian regions who are planning to move to another city. Saida Ziganurova, Research Assistant at the HSE Center for Institutional Studies, studied the migration potential among young professionals.
August 25, 2015