The Russian family has been becoming more demographically heterogeneous over recent years. Some of the families follow the trend of having many children: women more often give birth to a third and fourth child, and the gap between births is decreasing, which makes the evolution of the family faster. At the same time, younger generations are inclined to postpone marriage and having their first child, which leads either to later motherhood or to childlessness. This means that two opposite trends are developing; along with the growing share of ‘Western-type’ families, with postponed parenthood and fewer children, there is a revival of the traditional family with more children, Sergey Zakharov, Deputy Director of the HSE Institute of Demography, reported.
November 18, 2015
Personal experience is a critical factor in the choice of destination for labour migration. Being familiar with the local language and laws and having local contacts matter more for potential migrants than the current economic situation in the target region, according to Evgenia Chernina, Junior Research Fellow at the HSE Centre for Labour Market Studies.
November 10, 2015
In the near future, the number of migrants from Central Asia coming to work in Russia will increase – particularly from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, countries where remittances from their citizens working in Russia stand at almost half of their respective GDPs, according to a joint study by the Eurasian Development Bank (EDB), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR), and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS).
October 21, 2015
Over the next 20 years, death rates among working age Russian men are
expected to drop by a third due to a change in alcohol consumption
preferences – namely, the decreasing popularity of vodka, according to Yevgeny
Yakovlev, Assistant Professor at the HSE Department of Applied Economics, and
Lorenz Kueng, Assistant Professor of Finance at the Kellogg School of
Management at Northwestern University.
July 16, 2015
The proportion of interethnic marriages in Russia varies widely depending on ethnicity. How common mixed-ethnicity families are depends largely on couples' ability to overcome cultural, religious and social differences between their ethnic groups and also on settlement and migration patterns. In his ground-breaking research, Eugeny Soroko, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE Institute of Demography, measured the relative ‘distances’ between ethnic Russians and ten other ethnic groups using a tool he invented – the mixed family matrix.
June 05, 2015
Young Russians are in no hurry to start living on their own. The age of moving out from the parental home has increased from 18-20 for previous generations to 23-25 for today's youth. Instead, young people are spending more time in search of themselves and taking longer to get an education and choose a partner, according to a study by Ekaterina Mitrofanova, Junior Research Fellow at the HSE Institute of Demography, and Alina Dolgova, student at the HSE Faculty of Social Sciences.
May 13, 2015
Emigration from Russia has changed significantly over the last decade. The
potential for ethnic repatriation has almost been exhausted, but other factors
have become stronger in the population outflow, such as reunion with families
and trips for education. Such emigration is largely determined by differences
in the quality of life and policies in host countries, which welcome young,
educated, qualified people with a certain level of income, said Mikhail
Denisenko, Deputy Director of the HSE Institute of Demography, in his
presentation at the XVI April International Academic Conference at HSE.
April 29, 2015
Maternity capital has supported numerous families in regions across the country, helping people solve their housing problems. At the same time, many people have not accessed these funds, as the programme is quite limited. Maternity capital is not very useful when buying an apartment in the city, as it does not go very far, and two other options for using it – towards children’s education or the mother’s pension – are longer-term issues, noted Elena Gorina, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE’s Institute for Social Development Studies / Center for Studies of Income and Living Standards, during the XVI April International Academic Conference at HSE.
April 22, 2015
Russia’s current demographic dynamics seem to be positive. Life expectancy is growing, and the population is growing, not only by means of migration from other post-Soviet countries, but also by natural increase, even if it is not big yet. At the same time, researchers assess the near demographic future with moderate optimism, which is mostly due to the forming age structure of the population, said Anatoly Vishnevsky, Director of the HSE Institute of Demography, in his report.
April 21, 2015
The age profile of marriage in Russia is changing. A growing number of people are getting married for the first time above the age of 25. Remarriages have also shifted along the time axis, which indicates a change in matrimonial habits. Early marriages have become less popular and the average age of men and women getting married has increased, says Sergei Zakharov, deputy director of the HSE Institute of Demography.
March 12, 2015
Russia is entering a period of decline in first marriages. The 1990s generation now reaching marrying age is not numerous; and in addition, people now tend to marry at a later age. However, the upcoming decline in marriages is nothing new—Russia experienced a similar situation both thirty and fifty years ago, according to Sergei Zakharov, Deputy Director of the HSE's Institute of Demography.
March 06, 2015
most Russians, their first experience of cohabitation is as a precursor to
marriage. Younger Russians, however, pursue a variety of matrimonial
strategies, which often include cohabitation as an alternative to official
marriage, according to Ekaterina Mitrofanova, Junior Research Fellow at the
HSE's Institute of Demography, and Alyona Artamonova, Bachelor student at the
HSE's Faculty of Social Sciences.
February 10, 2015