Companies with decentralized management systems are,
on average, more effective than firms where the CEO tries to control
everything. The risk of centralization is higher if the company is managed by
families. These were the main findings of the recent research by Irina Levina,
research fellow at the HSE Institute for Industrial and Market Studies.
More than one in three Russian CEOs hold more than one academic degree, making them stand out dramatically compared to the general public. By going back to school and pursuing lifelong learning, senior executives expect to increase their knowledge, human capital and income, according to Sergey Solntsev, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE Laboratory for Labour Market Studies.
Social networks have been found to influence academic performance: students tend to perform better with high-performers among their friends, as some people are capable of inspiring others to try harder, according to Maria Yudkevich, Sofia Dokuka and Dilara Valeyeva of the HSE Centre for Institutional Studies.
The lower a person's resilience, the greater their
alienation from themself, other people, and society. In turn, self-alienation
and a lack of personal relationships can cause one to approve of military
action as a solution to international conflicts, according to Olga Gulevich,
Associate Professor of the HSE School of Psychology, and Andrey Nevruyev, postgraduate
student of the same department.
Ambiguous attitudes held by the heirs of Russian
moguls may affect the future of the country's big businesses. On one hand, the
children of wealthy Russian business owners have an excellent headstart – they
are well-educated and generally share their parents' values. Yet on the other
hand, they are not likely to become selfless workaholics. Instead, they tend to
be more hedonistic than their parents and less inclined to devote their entire
life to building the family business. Most Russian business heirs expect to
retire early and switch to hobbies, recreation and entertainment in their
mid-life. Elena Rozhdestvenskaya, professor of the HSE Faculty of Social
Sciences, is the
first Russian researcher to study the mindsets of heirs of biggest Russian fortunes.
More than twenty years after the collapse of the socialist bloc,
virtually none of the post-communist countries have attained the level of
socioeconomic development characteristic of advanced democracies. Likewise,
none of the post-communist countries have emerged as successful autocracies
with high-quality public institutions, such as those found in Singapore or
Oman. Professor Andrei Melville, Dean of the HSE Faculty of Social Sciences,
and Mikhail Mironyuk, Associate Professor of the HSE School of Political
Science, examine possible reasons why it is so.
Over the past three years, the business climate in Russia has improved
for companies with a long planning horizon and for those receiving government
support. State-owned companies, however, have been worse off after losing their
privileges and facing a level playing field, according to Andrei Yakovlev,
director of the HSE Institute for Industrial and Market Studies, Irina Levina,
research fellow at the same Institute, and Anastasia Kazun, postgraduate
student at the HSE Faculty of Social Sciences.
Coming from a low-income, uneducated family can affect a child’s language
skills, resulting in underdeveloped, ungrammatical speech, which hinders academic
performance and limits one’s chances of success in life. However, parents can
help a child offset the effects of a negative family background, according to Kirill
Maslinsky, research fellow at the Laboratory of Sociology in Education and Science,
HSE campus in St. Petersburg.
The processes of globalization should have
contributed to reduced inequality in the world. In reality, however, the
situation looks differently, with income inequality in the populations of developing
economies growing. To correct this, the level of education of low-skilled
workers must be increased, said Eric Maskin, Chief Research Fellow at the HSE
International Laboratory of Decision Choice and Analysis and Nobel Laureate in
Economics for 2007.
Creating totally new and exclusive products, business models and technology solutions is not always necessary in today's innovative economy; it is often sufficient to use the knowledge and inventions already available worldwide, according to professor Mikhail Shushkin and associate professor Sergey Alexandrovskiy, researchers at the Department of Marketing, Faculty of Management, HSE Branch in Nizhny Novgorod.
Children of labour migrants from Central Asia don’t
want to preserve their ethnic
self-definition, i.e. to speak their native language and follow their
cultural traditions. They try to distance themselves from people of their
ethnic identity and become fully locals. Both Russian schools and parents
further this process, concluded Raisa Akifyeva, senior lecturer at the St.
Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Humanities Department of Sociology, as
a result of her research.
It is increasingly common for scientists to
engage the general public in dialogue and involve people in research rather
than communicating with them in a haughty or condescending manner. We are
witnessing the hybridization of research institutes: researchers are more
actively collaborating with the media, civil society, and the customers for
research, HSE Associate Professor Roman Abramov and Senior Lecturer at the
Department for the Analysis of Social Institutions Andrei Kozhanov noted in an