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The ‘lower’ middle class is focused on family. The ‘upper’ one focusing on a social changes. As the level of a social self-determination grows, the middle class changing its motivation toward engaging in a social activity. A study by Alla Kupreychenko
April 29, 2013
There is no universal cure for global economy. Each country’s economy needs specific tools for recovery. Salvatore Rossi, Deputy Director General of the Bank of Italy, spoke at the HSE Banking Institute
April 29, 2013
Material well-being, a good education, extensive social ties, and having free time at one’s disposal – these are the characteristics of the consumer who prefers online shopping. And one out of ten internet users in Russia fits this description, says Natalia Firsova, discussing the findings of her research
April 26, 2013
Law
Despite the fact that the government is spending increasingly more to oversee businesses, compliance with the country’s laws is decreasing. The huge number of incidents involving businesses being punished “by mistake” is negating the benefits of the rule of the law
April 17, 2013
With rising incomes, people are less accepting of war. In recent decades in Russia, as in many countries around the world, the number of citizens willing to give their lives for their country has declined. These are findings of joint research by Ronald Inglehart and HSE
April 16, 2013
The ideas of freedom and democracy are at the core of the most successful parts of human civilization today. Can modern Catholicism and Orthodoxy find a way to unite around these ideas? Maxim Bogachev from the HSE raised this question in his paper to the HSE April Conference.
April 12, 2013
Married men, on average, earn more than single men (a phenomenon known as the 'marriage premium'). Which comes first, higher earnings or marriage? This question is explored in a paper by A. Aistov and N. Kovalenko which was presented at the XIV April Conference
April 12, 2013
The country needs a new model of development, but this requires serious institutional changes. Officials are not interested in this, although the current policy of living ‘beyond the country’s means’ threatens to bring about serious social protest. These were the conclusions of the recent roundtable on ‘Scenarios of Russian economic development up to 2030’ at the HSE April Conference
April 11, 2013
Well developed telecommunications, and population density increase the chances of people taking part in public protests. Bad weather, poor salaries and the repressive habits of the authorities decrease them. So Anton Sobolev reported his findings to the XIV April Conference at HSE
April 04, 2013
Law
What can and should be done to decrease the pressure law enforcement authorities exerton business? Should the whole law enforcement system be changed or the legal penalties for entrepreneurs softened? Highlights from a discussion club session of the Association of Independent Centers of Economic Analysis on the topic of ‘The Law Enforcement System and Business in Russia: Direct and Indirect Costs’are described below. The session featured special experts Ella Paneyakh and Andrey Nazarov.
March 28, 2013
Traditionally, the falsification of an election involves filling ballot boxes with fake ballot papers. International researchers at the HSE analyzed another mechanism which can be used to distort the election process: pressure on employers and employees. The following is a review of apaper by Timothy Frye, Ora John Reuter, and David Szakonyi
March 18, 2013
Russians are more concerned about material success than self-realization, in spite of a global shift from survival values to self-expression values. ‘Happiness in Russia in Comparative Perspective’, is a paper by Edouard Ponarin, Director of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR)
March 11, 2013