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Only 20% of residents in Qatar are native citizens of the country. The rest are migrant workers. Cheap workers come from the East, more expensive ones from the West. Trevor Johnston has studied the way this authoritarian regime uses deliberate segregation in order to maintain civil peace during this mass influx of migrant workers engaged in the economy of the country
The fact – well known to political consultants – that people tend to go along with the crowd can be explained by a brain mechanism which has helped our survival as a species. Every time we differ from others, our brain responds by triggering an 'error signal', causing us to change our opinion in favour of the majority, reveals a study by Vasily Klucharev
The future generation of Russia's political managers is unlikely to embrace a democratic society, regardless of the protests emerging in the country today, the study 'Russian Elites-2020' shows
Law
Informal alliances between prosecutors and judges contribute to the repressive sentencing that is characteristic of Russia's criminal justice. The underlying factor is that the prosecutor's career depends on his or her conviction rate, while the judge usually seeks to avoid appeals, according to Alexander Libman, André Schulz, and Vladimir Kozlov
The informal labour market is growing in Russia. An increasing number of people are moving to the informal economy because they do not trust government institutions and do not receive the public benefits they are entitled to as taxpayers. 'Shadowed from Regulation: Informality in the Russian Labor Markets, Its Dynamics, Extent, and Consequences' is a paper by Vladimir Gimpelson
If the majority of a country’s population moved from values of survival to values of self-expression, individuals with both types of values will try to avoid corrupt behaviour. But if, as in Russia, values of survival prevail in society, individuals with values of self-expression are inclined to act corruptly. This is the conclusion of a study by Maria Kravtsova and Alexey Oshchepkov
According to a recent study by Transparency International, as part of the Global Corruption Barometer 2013, 92% of Russians are disaffected with the level of corruption in the country, and furthermore, they distrust the government and are ready to take on the fight against this evil themselves
The national debt of the world’s countries is continuing to grow, and, according to the latest estimates, countries are having an increasingly difficult time stabilizing that debt, let alone decreasing it. A recent report by the World Organization of Creditors states that preliminary results for 2012 show the total indebtedness of all countries has exceeded $55 trillion
The burst of political life in Moscow and other Russian regions in 2011-2012 led to a number of academic studies, both in Russia and internationally. The results and conclusions made by researchers show how diverse the nature of Russian protest activity is
London is the most ‘immigrant’ among European capitals: 40% of its population comes from other countries. Paris has 20%, 17,4% in Madrid, and 15% in Moscow. Ethnicity plays a higher role the lower the immigrants’ social level is, says Daria Bityukova in her study published in the HSE online journal Demoscope Weekly
The importance of employment as a key source of income has been growing in Russia. A better socio-economic situation has caused to go down share of social benefits and private farming in household incomes
Russia has some three million single mothers. However, the 'divorce epidemic' makes both being single and being married a temporary condition. One out of three single mothers will be raising her child in a two-parent family eventually, asserts Sergei Zakharov in a paper published in the HSE's electronic journal Demoscope Weekly