For people today, a job is not only a source of revenue, but also an essential attribute of a full life. Professional work must be interesting, in demand by society, well paid, and must leave a certain level of freedom, young Russians believe. This is what researchers* from the HSE Centre for Youth Studies (CYS) in St. Petersburg found out as part of their project ‘Youth solidarities and generations of the 21st century: the values of labour and consumption’.
June 15, 2015
In Russia, access to professional development is determined by one's
occupation, as well as job position, company size, and characteristics of the
local labour market. Skilled personnel in non-physical jobs and public sector
employees are more likely to pursue professional development, while low-skilled
employees in private firms are effectively excluded from any such opportunity,
according to Vasiliy Anikin, Assistant Professor of the HSE Department of
June 11, 2015
About 40% of the Russian able-bodied population are employed in the informal sector of the economy. This is a competitive market economy. Subsistence production, distributed manufacturing, ‘garage production’, seasonal work and various cottage industries flourish in the Russian regions. The economies of many small cities feature strict specialization and developed cooperation, in the context of internal competition between families and clans. These are the findings of HSE professors Simon Kordonsky and Yury Pliusnin in their study ‘Social Structure of the Russian Provinces’.
June 10, 2015
The current crisis in Russia is different from all others in its
heightened uncertainty and unpredictable consequences, and recent events are
comparable to the transformative crisis that occurred in Russia in the 1990s, the
Director of the Centre of Development Institute, Natalia Akindinova, and HSE
Academic Supervisor Evgeny Yasin said in their paper ‘A New Stage of Economic
Development in Post-Soviet Russia.’ The researchers propose four possible
scenarios for how the Russian economy might change, the most probable of which,
they posit, is a so-called ‘mobilisation scenario.’
June 09, 2015
Relations between Muscovites and migrant workers from the CIS are plagued by myths circulating in the mass consciousness. In her research, Yulia Florinskaya, a Senior Researcher with HSE’s Institute of Demography, refutes prevalent statements that migrants not only take jobs from Muscovites, but also seriously increase the burden on healthcare and intentionally maintain illegal status.
June 08, 2015
The proportion of interethnic marriages in Russia varies widely depending on ethnicity. How common mixed-ethnicity families are depends largely on couples' ability to overcome cultural, religious and social differences between their ethnic groups and also on settlement and migration patterns. In his ground-breaking research, Eugeny Soroko, Senior Research Fellow at the HSE Institute of Demography, measured the relative ‘distances’ between ethnic Russians and ten other ethnic groups using a tool he invented – the mixed family matrix.
June 05, 2015
companies engage in social responsibility in order to to improve their reputation,
be more competitive, and to gain political benefits and some degree of control
over society. In Russia, however, businesses convert social investment into
informal privileges granted to them by government, according to a paper by Olga
Kuzina, Professor of the HSE Department of Economic Sociology, and Marina
Chernysheva, postgraduate student at the same department.
May 26, 2015
Migrants from Central Asia in Moscow are often involved in hard physical work and live in bad conditions, both of which affect their health. But the access to medical aid is complicated for them due to their social isolation. As a result, foreign labourers use alternative strategies of therapy: from self-treatment, which is fraught with exacerbating the condition, to going to private ‘ethnic’ clinics. Daniil Kashnitsky, Assistant Researcher at the HSE Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS), analyzed the medical aid for migrants in the Russian capital.
May 22, 2015
big businesses in Russia may never become family dynasties. Only a few business
owners have succession plans in place, but many have never considered the issue,
for reasons ranging from their heirs being too young to avoiding conflict in
the family to resenting the lack of institutions in Russia to support effective
wealth succession. Instead, most entrepreneurs are planning to retain control
of their business for as long as possible, according to researchers from the
HSE Faculty of Social Sciences and the Skolkovo Wealth Transformation Centre.
For the first time ever, they examined the attitudes of Russia's major capital
owners towards business and wealth succession.
May 20, 2015
Russian corporate raiders prefer to operate in regions with developed trade and industrial sectors, but where there are fewer lawyers and non-profit organizations, said Anton Kazun, junior research fellow at the HSE Institute for Industrial and Market Studies International Center for the Study of Institutions and Development, in his paper ‘Corporate raid in Russian regions: indicators and factors’.
May 19, 2015
Even a business climate that is not very favourable is not an obstacle for investors if the country is developing fast in general. Business leaders who invest in countries with underdeveloped institutions choose politically stable regions with high demand, qualified workforce and developed infrastructure, said Ksenia Gonchar, leading research fellow at the HSE Institute for Industrial and Market Studies (IIMS), in a paper.
May 14, 2015
Young Russians are in no hurry to start living on their own. The age of moving out from the parental home has increased from 18-20 for previous generations to 23-25 for today's youth. Instead, young people are spending more time in search of themselves and taking longer to get an education and choose a partner, according to a study by Ekaterina Mitrofanova, Junior Research Fellow at the HSE Institute of Demography, and Alina Dolgova, student at the HSE Faculty of Social Sciences.
May 13, 2015