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Regular version of the site
Sociology
Despite the wide income gap between the rich and poor in Russia, their basic values and attitudes are not dissimilar. However, there are indications of an impending rift, says Svetlana Mareeva, Associate Professor of the HSE's Sub-department of Socio-Economic Systems and Social Policy, based on her findings from a survey of poor Russians
The younger a lawyer is the more cynical his attitude towards his profession. In legal circles a readiness to sacrifice ethical and moral standards for financial gain is not uncommon. A report by the HSE Institute for Industrial and Market Studies (IIMS) suggests that change requires active engagement from lawyers’ associations and regular research investigations of the legal community
To ensure high rates of economic growth, countries should adopt effective policies for human capital accumulation and promote an institutional environment for it to be translated into technological innovation, said Isaac Ehrlich, Distinguished Professor of Economics at the State University of New York at Buffalo and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Human Capital, addressing the HSE's XV April XV Conference
If laws exist at the state level that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, then the impact of individual values creating a negative attitude towards homosexuality falls. People are inclined to adapt their behavior to conventional norms. A group of European researchers came to this conclusion over the course of an international study, the results of which Peter Schmidt presented at the XV April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development of the Higher School of Economics
The income and satisfaction freelancers get from their work depends largely on their professional self-worth. Education and experience are rewarded financially but these don’t determine an individual’s sense of job satisfaction. Researchers Denis Strebkov and Andrey Shevchuk presented these findings in a paper at the HSE XV April International Conference on Economic and Social Development – ‘How does Human Capital Influence the Income and Job Satisfaction of Self-employed Professionals?’
A crisis of trust in Russian society keeps people from enjoying their lives to the full, said Anna Mironova, Research Intern of the HSE’s International Laboratory of Socio-Cultural Research and postgraduate student at the HSE Department of Demography in her presentation at the XV April International Conference
The average value of a statistical life in Russia stands at some $1.6 million, which is eight times less than in the U.K. and four times less than in the U.S. In countries where little value is attached to individual lives, the state is sending a signal that it is not planning to invest substantially in efforts to improve the life expectancy and safety of its citizens, conclude Tatiana Karabchuk, Marina Nikitina, Victoria Remezkova, and Natalia Soboleva in a paper published in the HSE's Economic Sociology journal
Russians under 45, top-managers, public sector employees, and people with high incomes are more involved in civil society practices than others. As Irina Mersiyanova and Irina Korneeva found out in their research, getting involved with nonprofit organisations greatly determines people’s civil activity
The tension between migrants from the North Caucasus and local residents in Russia is due to cultural and value differences. Migrants share collectivist values, while the local population is more individualistic. Olga Verbilovich and Viktoria Galyapina, researchers at the HSE Laboratory for Socio-cultural Research, investigated the specifics of the mutual attitude between migrants and local residents in Moscow and Stavropol Krai through the use of focus groups
Many Russians, when asked  whether certain occupations, particularly those of a politician or an academic, are prestigious or desirable,will give a different answer depending on whether they are refering to their own attitudes, perceived societal attitudes, or preferred career choices for their children. So Konstantin Fursov and Valentina Polyakova, research fellows at the HSE's ISSEK, found in their study Monitoring Innovative Behaviour in the Russian Population
The more individual social capital people possess, the more effort they will be able to make when it comes to starting their own business. Friends offer support, as do social media acquaintances. Society views businesspeople negatively, and family is often unable to help. Alexander Tatarko, lead researcher at the HSE’s International Scientific-Educational Laboratory for Socio-Cultural Research, recently released a study entitled “Individual Social Capital as a Success Factor in Starting a New Business”
In countries which have gone through transition from communism to capitalism people are now facing inner conflict. The new capitalist economy creates individualists with conflicting values torn between family and work, close relationships and self-development, money and morality. Christopher S. Swader, Senior Research Fellow of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR) and Assistant Professor of the Faculty of Sociology, writes about these tensions in his book The Capitalist Personality: Face-to-Face Sociality and Economic Change in the Post-Communist World