There is not a single country in the world where all people share the
same system of values. Every society has members focused on serving others as
well as those who value personal achievement above all and rely only on
themselves. Independent altruists committed to helping others, yet expecting nothing
in return, are relatively rare in all European countries, particularly in
post-Soviet countries, where their proportion is among the smallest, according
to Vladimir Magun and Maksim Rudnev of the HSE's Laboratory for Comparative
Studies in Mass Consciousness.
June 24, 2015
Once unemployed, mid-level employees suffer primarily from loss of income, while senior-level leaders mostly resent the loss of respect; of all employee categories, production and service workers are most likely to become unemployed. These are some of the findings summarized in the paper 'The dynamics of subjective social status associated with loss of employment: an analysis of occupational differences', which was presented by Anna Zudina, Junior Research Fellow of the Centre for Labour Market Studies, at the Ninth Yuri Levada Memorial Conference on Contemporary Russian Society and Sociology hosted by HSE.
June 16, 2015
For people today, a job is not only a source of revenue, but also an essential attribute of a full life. Professional work must be interesting, in demand by society, well paid, and must leave a certain level of freedom, young Russians believe. This is what researchers* from the HSE Centre for Youth Studies (CYS) in St. Petersburg found out as part of their project ‘Youth solidarities and generations of the 21st century: the values of labour and consumption’.
June 15, 2015
About 40% of the Russian able-bodied population are employed in the informal sector of the economy. This is a competitive market economy. Subsistence production, distributed manufacturing, ‘garage production’, seasonal work and various cottage industries flourish in the Russian regions. The economies of many small cities feature strict specialization and developed cooperation, in the context of internal competition between families and clans. These are the findings of HSE professors Simon Kordonsky and Yury Pliusnin in their study ‘Social Structure of the Russian Provinces’.
June 10, 2015
Relations between Muscovites and migrant workers from the CIS are plagued by myths circulating in the mass consciousness. In her research, Yulia Florinskaya, a Senior Researcher with HSE’s Institute of Demography, refutes prevalent statements that migrants not only take jobs from Muscovites, but also seriously increase the burden on healthcare and intentionally maintain illegal status.
June 08, 2015
Migrants from Central Asia in Moscow are often involved in hard physical work and live in bad conditions, both of which affect their health. But the access to medical aid is complicated for them due to their social isolation. As a result, foreign labourers use alternative strategies of therapy: from self-treatment, which is fraught with exacerbating the condition, to going to private ‘ethnic’ clinics. Daniil Kashnitsky, Assistant Researcher at the HSE Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS), analyzed the medical aid for migrants in the Russian capital.
May 22, 2015
big businesses in Russia may never become family dynasties. Only a few business
owners have succession plans in place, but many have never considered the issue,
for reasons ranging from their heirs being too young to avoiding conflict in
the family to resenting the lack of institutions in Russia to support effective
wealth succession. Instead, most entrepreneurs are planning to retain control
of their business for as long as possible, according to researchers from the
HSE Faculty of Social Sciences and the Skolkovo Wealth Transformation Centre.
For the first time ever, they examined the attitudes of Russia's major capital
owners towards business and wealth succession.
May 20, 2015
Research shows that a third of all drug users in
the U.S. actively avoid contracting HIV or hepatitis c. This has more to do with
the drug addicts’ efforts than with luck. They are able to steer clear of
frightening diagnoses thanks to social roles, solid financial strategies, and their
painful experience of losing loved ones to AIDS. Russian drug users, on the
other hand, are less careful as concerns the risk of infection, according to
research conducted by Peter Meylakhs, Senior Research Fellow with HSE St.
Petersburg’s Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, and presented at HSE’s
XVI April International Academic Conference.
April 28, 2015
Values such as religious beliefs impact attitudes towards euthanasia. The more people value independence and autonomy, the higher their approval is of euthanasia. Conversely, conformism and an adherence to traditions are negatively linked to attitudes towards euthanasia, Maxim Rudnev and Alexandra Savelkaeva, researchers at the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Studies in Mass Consciousness, said at HSE’s XVI April International Academic Conference.
April 24, 2015
The broader the ethnic diversity, the greater the level of tolerance to people from other cultures. Multiculturalism has a positive effect on societal development in Russian regions. This is evidenced by research into the relationship between heterogeneity and socio-psychological capital of personality, that was carried out by Leading Research Fellow at the International Scientific-Educational Laboratory for Socio-Cultural Research Alexander Tatarko. The report was presented at the XVI April International Academic Conference.
April 14, 2015
Reading is not a popular pastime for young people today. Classic and modern literature often lose out to fantasy fiction, which is often made into films and videogames and allows young readers to become viewers and participants of an alternate reality, according to Lyubov Borusiak, Associate Professor of the HSE School of Integrated Communications, who presented the findings from her study of young readers' preferences at the HSE's XVI April International Academic Conference.
April 09, 2015
High rates of mortality, early death and poor health are the main problems affecting elderly Russians—who nevertheless continue to work and help their children and grandchildren. The state's policy for older citizens should focus on providing better access to quality health care and creating opportunities for Russians aged 50 and over to contribute as volunteers and continue their education, according to participants of the HSE seminar 'Active Aging in the Context of Social Policy: How to Measure It'.
March 31, 2015