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Publications

Ambiguous Homecoming: Retribution, Exploitation and the Return of Repatriates to the USSR, 1944-46

In 1944-46, five million Soviet citizens returned from displacement to the USSR. They had been forced labourers, refugees from conflict, and prisoners of war in occupied Europe. As they returned, all faced official scrutiny and some were arrested, but the majority of Soviet repatriates went home and not to the Gulag. Repatriation was not an episode of mass repression perpetrated by an all-powerful state. Instead, recently declassified archival collections demonstrate that Soviet administrators and police could hardly keep track of returnees. In the absence of strong state control, the crucible of return was in the relationships between repatriates and soldiers, local bosses, and neighbours. The chaos at the end of the war combined with the popular assertion that repatriates were guilty of collaboration with German occupiers made them attractive targets for abuse. Aspects of this story depended on specifically Stalinist practices, yet repatriation was not uniquely Stalinist insofar as it generated problems found in other incidents of mass displacement, particularly in the aftermath of the Second World War. Rather than exclusively a creation of the Soviet system, the often harrowing experience of return was largely a by-product of war. … 
Past and Present. 2019.
Oct 19, 2017

25 Years of Transformations of Higher Education Systems in Post-Soviet Countries. Reform and Continuity

The book is a result of the first ever study of the transformations of the higher education institutional landscape in fifteen former USSR countries after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It explores how the single Soviet model that developed across the vast and diverse territory of the Soviet Union over several decades has evolved into fifteen unique national systems, systems that have responded to national and global developments while still bearing some traces of the past. The book is distinctive as it presents a comprehensive analysis of the reforms and transformations in the region in the last 25 years; and it focuses on institutional landscape through the evolution of the institutional types established and developed in Pre-Soviet, Soviet and Post-Soviet time. It also embraces all fifteen countries of the former USSR, and provides a comparative analysis of transformations of institutional landscape across Post-Soviet systems. It will be highly relevant for students and researchers in the fields of higher education and and sociology, particularly those with an interest in historical and comparative studies.

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Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.
May 15, 2017

A Bank Run in a Classroom: Do Smart Depositors Withdraw on Time?

This paper discusses whether being smart makes depositors less prone to get involved in a panic bank run. We conduct a series of experiments with undergraduate and graduate students from Moscow and Saint-Petersburg, modelling the a-la Diamond-Dybvig deposit market with liquidity shocks, changing macroeconomic conditions and risk-based investment technologies. Our results suggest that withdrawing on time is profitable, as the average returns of depositor investments are higher, especially if the other depositors in the bank also withdraw on time. Smarter depositors – those having better academic achievements – choose the strategy of avoiding early withdrawals more frequently: each additional grade point (out of ten) adds 9 p.p. to the share of rounds where a depositor withdraws on time. This result adds to the evidence that financial literacy – even measured in a very simple way – may prevent a coordination failure in the deposit market. Our results also suggest that panic withdrawals are more probable in markets with poorer economic conditions (liquidity shocks, less profitable or less liquid investments, costly financial information), but depositors show weak sensitivity to the risks of bank investments. Depositors of medium-sized banks withdraw on time more frequently compared to those in small or large banks. … 
Financial Economics. WP BRP. National Research Uniiversity Higher School of Economics, 2018. No. 64/FE/2018.
Jan 29, 2018

Academic inbreeding and publication activities of Russian faculty

The literature on the consequences of academic inbreeding shows ambiguous results: some papers show that inbreeding positively influences research productivity measured by the quantity and quality of publications, while others demonstrate the opposite effect. There are contradictory results both in the studies of different countries and within countries. This variety of results makes it impossible to transfer the findings from one academic system to another, and in Russia this problem has been under-explored. This paper focuses on the relationship between inbreeding and publication activity among Russian faculty. The research was conducted using data from the ‘Monitoring of Educational Markets and Organizations’ survey. The results show that there is no significant effect of academic inbreeding on publication productivity: no substantial and robust differences in publication activity between inbreds and non-inbreds have been found. The paper finishes with a discussion of possible explanations inherent in the Russian academic system.

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Tertiary Education and Management. 2018. Vol. 24. No. 1. P. 66-82.
Oct 31, 2017

Academics and Higher Education Expansion

  

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In bk.: Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2018. P. 1-3.
Oct 31, 2017

A characterization of postcritically minimal Newton maps of complex exponential functions

We obtain a unique, canonical one-to-one correspondence between the space of marked postcritically finite Newton maps of polynomials and the space of postcritically minimal Newton maps of entire maps that take the form p(z)exp(q(z)) for p(z), q(z) polynomials and exp(z), the complex exponential function. This bijection preserves the dynamics and embedding of Julia sets and is induced by a surgery tool developed by Haïssinsky.

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Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems. 2018.
Jan 26, 2018

A "converse'' stability condition is necessary for a compact higher order scheme on non-uniform meshes for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation

The stability bounds and error estimates for a compact higher order Numerov-Crank-Nicolson scheme on non-uniform spatial meshes for the 1D time-dependent Schrödinger equation have been recently derived. This analysis has been done in $L^2$ and $H^1$ mesh norms and used the non-standard ``converse'' condition $h_\omega\leq c_0\tau$, where $h_\omega$ is the mean spatial step, $\tau$ is the time step and $c_0>0$. Now we prove that such condition is \textit{necessary} for some families of non-uniform meshes and any spatial norm. Also computational results for zero and non-zero potentials show unacceptably wrong behavior of numerical solutions when $\tau$ decreases and this condition is violated.

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Zlotnik Alexander, Čiegis R.
Applied Mathematics Letters. 2018. Vol. 80. P. 35-40.
Jan 6, 2018

A credit risk model based on contour subspaces for decision support systems in loan granting

Credit risk management is of considerable importance for banks, and the most common credit risk models are based on combining client’s private information with credit terms. However, if credit terms are an integral part of initial calculations, then results have to be recalculated for every alteration of credit terms. Thus, banks obtain ‘one-shot’ results from decision support systems that are built with application of these models. In the given paper a credit risk model is proposed. This model is based on a separate analysis of client’s private information and credit terms in order to construct a contour subspace for credit terms that correspond to an equal credit risk value. Application of a proposed model will add advanced options for decision support systems in loan granting, i.e. to visualize a contour subspace of credit terms for a client according to an individual creditworthiness estimation, provide options to choose credit terms from this contour subspace, and manage credit terms on-line according to the dynamics in a creditworthiness estimation.

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In bk.: Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Vol. 15. Springer, 2018. P. 783-793.
Nov 19, 2017

A cross-cultural study of the mediating role of implicit theories of innovativeness in the relationship between values and attitudes towards innovation

This paper presents a cross-cultural study on the mediating role of implicit theories of innovativeness in the relationship between basic values and specific attitudes towards innovation. Modernized samples (399 Russians from Moscow and Novokuznetsk) and more traditional samples (194 Chechens and Ingushs from North Caucasus and 200 Tuvins from the Tuva Republic) within the Russian Federation answered Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) (Schwartz, 1992), measures of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009), and an Adjective Check List (Runco et al., 1993) adapted for measuring implicit theories of innovativeness in the current samples. Main findings include (1) a split in individual and social aspects of implicit theories of innovativeness, (2) different mediation of the effects of Openness to Change and Conservation values, and (3) differences in mediation models between the two samples. Implications of these findings for cross-cultural studies on innovativeness are discussed.

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Grigoryan L., Lebedeva N., Breugelmans S.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2018. Vol. 49. No. 2. P. 336-352.
Jun 1, 2015

Adopting new medical technologies in Russian hospitals: what causes inefficiency? (qualitative study)

The adoption of new medical technologies often generates losses in efficiency associated with the excess or insufficient acquisition of new equipment, an inappropriate choice (in terms of economic and clinical parameters) of medical equipment, and its poor use. Russia is a good example for exploring the problem of the ineffective adoption of new medical technologies due to the massive public investment in new equipment for medical institutions in 2006–2013. This study examines the procurement of new technologies in Russian hospitals to find the main causes of inefficiency. The research strategy was based on in-depth semistructured interviews with representatives of prominent actors (regional health care authorities, hospital executives, senior physicians). The main result is that inefficiencies arise from the contradiction between hospitals’ and authorities’ motivation for acquiring new technologies: hospitals tend to adopt technologies which bring benefits to their department heads and physicians and minimize maintenance and servicing costs, while the authorities’ main concern is the initial cost of the technology.

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Health Economics, Policy and Law. 2018. Vol. 13. No. 1. P. 33-49.
Apr 1, 2017

A Framework for Implementing Asset Data Management in Electric Utilities

The goal of the paper is to propose a framework for asset data management in electric utilities, precisely transmission and distribution companies, where data management, data quality and data governance issues seem to be of highest importance due to the asset intensive nature of the business and multiple challenges that companies are facing at the moment. The framework was developed with the use of asset data and organizational structure of PJSC Rosseti in conformity with the basic principles of the ISO 55001 and ISO 8000 standards. Also, the particular characteristics of T&D physical assets and data related to their management were taken into account. Data flows, roles and responsibilities concerning asset data management have been attributed to different management levels in order to designate context and accountability for decision-making throughout the asset management system. The proposed framework is of conceptual nature and provides basis for further discussion and research in the field of asset data management

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In bk.: 2017 2nd Advanced Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology Conference Proceedings. Jakarta: 2018.
Dec 8, 2017

After the Napoleonic Wars: Reading 'Perpetual Peace' in the Russian Empire

Russia’s ambitions under Emperor Alexander I to establish a new political order in Europe in 1813–1815 have been widely discussed by historians. Assessments of this new order itself, as it was finally implemented in the wake of the Congress of Vienna, vary markedly, but it is generally believed that the post-war system was the fruit of interactions between several participants who represented Europe’s old regimes in an age of revolution. The Holy Alliance as a vision of international order is often presented to be diametrically opposed to the more radical, republican imagining of global order such as that associated with Immanuel Kant’s Perpetual Peace. This chapter shakes up this view by analysing the importance of Kant’s ideas in the intellectual formation of one of the most influential Russian imperial political thinkers of this period, Sergey Uvarov. The degree of indebtedness to Kant’s work in his vision of international order, though it ultimately conflicts with the spirit of Kant’s work, was strongest in the period of Franco–Russian conflict.

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Maria Mayofis.
In bk.: Cosmopolitanism in Confict: Imperial Encounters from the Seven Years’ War to the Cold War. L.: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2018. Ch. 4. P. 85-110.
Feb 23, 2018