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Публикации

Challenged harmony. Byzantine dispute over the form of the universe

Throughout the whole Byzantine era we witness the coexistence of the spherical conception of the universe which has its’ roots in ancient science and the pattern of tabernacle based on the Holy Writ. Only once in 6th century the opposite views became a subject for a dispute, but even then rather as a part of a broader theological controversy. Since that time the two conceptions survived in different cultural milieus and thence had no point of intersection. Only in 12 century Michael Glycas writing his chronicle in a simple language approaches the issue. Proving that the universe has a shape of a sphere he tries to make scholar knowledge available to a general public. By doing so he even dares to come into contradiction with John Chrysostom himself.

… 
Micrologus. Natura, scienze e società medievali. 2017. Vol. 25. P. 37-46.

Democracy in the Russian Far East during the Revolution of 1905–1907

The First Russian Revolution demonstrated that there was considerable interest in democracy in the Transbaikal, Amur, and Maritime Regions in 1905–1907, which was widely shared across the empire and in East Asia. Democracy was understood as economic welfare, social justice, civil liberties, popular representation, decentralization, and national self-determination. Like elsewhere in the empire, protests started with economic demands, but many trade and professional political unions, strike committees, and soviets developed political programs. In Vladivostok, unrests among soldiers and sailors erupted into major riots with numerous casualties in October 1905, despite the attempts of Military Doctor Mikhail Aleksandrovich Kudrzhinskii and other intellectuals to make the movement peaceful. In Blagoveshchensk, the Amur Cossack teacher Mikhail Nikitich Astaf’ev joined a group of intellectuals who attempted to turn the municipal duma into a provisional government. In Nikolsk-Ussuriysky, Doctor Nikolai Vasil’evich Kirilov presided over the founding congress of the Ussuri Peasant Union, which discussed the introduction of rural revolutionary self-government. In Chita, Social Democrats under Anton Antonovich Kostiushko-Voliuzhanich took over much of the Transbaikal Railway. Tsyben Zhamtsarano and other Buryat intellectuals assembled for congresses demanding indigenous self-government. The recognition of these territories as the Russian Far East had already begun, but the loosely united Transbaikal, Maritime, and Amur Regions remained part of Siberia or North Asia for contemporary observers. The unity of Siberia from the Urals to the Pacific was reinforced by Siberian Regionalism which attracted the support of regional liberals and moderate socialists and consolidated through joint activities of Siberian deputies.

… 
Russian History. 2017.

Doctor et legislator Yspaniarum в эпоху Реконкисты: образ святого Исидора во «Всемирной хронике» Луки Туйского

В XI–XIII в. после перенесения мощей Исидора Севильского из Севильи, занятой мусульманами, в христианский Леон в леонской епархии стал складываться культ святого. Развитию этого культа послужили сочинения Луки Туйского, каноника собора св. Исидора в Леоне, впоследствии епископа г. Туй в Галисии. В статье анализируется образ Исидора в его историческом произведении, «Всемирной хронике», охватывающей период от сотворения мира до взятия христианами Кордовы в 1236 г. Автор показывает, какие источники использовал Лука Туйский для создания образа св. Исидора и как этот образ повлиял на дальнейшую хронистику. Так, Исидор во «Всемирной хронике» предстает учителем и законодателем Испании, хранителем истинной веры в противовес пророку Мухаммаду, с которым, по версии Луки, он чуть было не встретился. Кроме того, Исидор, оказывается, предсказал не только арабское завоевание, но и последующую Реконкисту, став таким образом одним покровителем христиан Испании. … 
Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия 2: История. История РПЦ. 2017. Т. II. № 74. С. 11-23.
12 марта 2017

Europa sanctorum: политическое, культурное, социальное

Сборник статей, посвященным разным аспектам культа святых в христианских культурах Запада и Востока Европы в Средние века

… 
М.: Университет Дмитрия Пожарского, 2017.
18 июня 2016

Making Baikal Russian: Imperial Politics at the Russian-Qing Border

The essay discusses power asymmetries and transcultural entanglements in the Baikal region at the border between the Russian and Qing empires. The Russian imperial authorities used transculturality, the diversity of regional population and its transboundary connections, as a resource in their attempts to control parts of the former Qing Empire, but at the same time tried to reduce it through Russification, Christianization, and homogenization of social groups, which led to protest and instability instead of the anticipated results. Consolidation of Russian rule in some spheres undermined its control over others and led to unexpected increase in cultural and political diversity. 

… 
Europe-Asia Studies. 2017.
1 декабря 2015

Making the Korean nation in the Russian Far East, 1863–1926

Exploring the history of Koreans in the Russian Far East from the perspective of New Imperial History, the article demonstrated that political activism of Koreans and policies of the Russian (Soviet), Korean, and Japanese governments resulted in consolidation of two visions of their future. The first vision implied unity between the Koreans living in the Russian Far East with those who stayed in Korea, moved to Japan, or emigrated elsewhere and corresponded to the agenda of building a Korean nation. The second vision implied that the bilingual or Russified Koreans aspired to stay in the Russian Far East permanently, ensuring their own livelihood in the new regional frontier. The two currents interlaced in the project of Korean autonomy in a post-imperial state, first the Far Eastern Republic (FER) and later the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The project involved inclusion of Koreans into the global spread of revolution through the Communist International and left the issue of the duration of Korean presence in the Russian Far East opened. Its ultimate failure in 1926 left the Koreans partly excluded from the Soviet system without the institutional benefits of a national autonomy.

… 
Sablin I., Kuchinsky A.
Nationalities Papers. 2017.

Publications in Foreign Journals as a Strategy and an Indicator of the Internationalization of the Russian Historical Studies in the 21st Century

292 статьи российских историков в зарубежных журналах, включенных в базу Web of Science за период 2000–2015 г., – это много или мало? Как выглядят учёные из НИУ ВШЭ в российском и мировом контексте? Какие факторы определили рост публикационной активности российских историков в изданиях из списков WoS и Scopus? Наряду с количественными показателями числа публикаций и ссылок, в работе анализируются качественные характеристики статей российских историков: распределение по типам журналов, тематика, топовые авторы, изменения в составе публикаций на протяжении рассматриваемого периода, сравнительная картина публикационной активности историков по научно-образовательным институциям. Для сопоставления приводится динамика публикаций по ряду стран Европы, США, Китаю и Бразилии.

… 
Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas. 2017. No. 2.
14 июня 2016

Review on: "Joseph F. O’Callaghan. The Last Crusade in the West: Castile and the Conquest of Granada. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014"

Review of the final volume of the trilogy on the crusading movement in medieval Spain “The Last Crusade in the West” by Professor Emeritus of Medieval History at Fordham University Pennsylvania and author of numerous books Joseph O'Callaghan

… 
Written Monuments of the Orient. 2017. No. 1. P. 83-86.
17 февраля 2017

Seeking for harmony after chaos: political ceremonies in the first “ceremonial section” of the Golden Bull of 1356

В статье рассматриваются политические церемонии в первом разделе  "Золотой буллы" 1356 г.  Показывается, каким именно способом церемониал использовался как для визуализации империи, так и для установления согласия в ее политической элите.

… 
Micrologus. Nature, Sciences and Medieval Studies. 2017. Vol. 25. P. 335-354.
21 декабря 2014

Stalin’s Collectivization and ‘Dekulakization’ in the Urals in the 1930s

This work deals with key aspects of the Stalin’s policy in relation to the village in the Ural in the 1930s. Based on a large documentary material, the author examines in detail both social and property status of the ‘dekulakized peasants’ of the Ural, which, by 1932, had become the largest area of labor settlements. Special attention is paid to the methodological issues of the study, in particular, to the justification of the representativeness concerning the selection of households prepared, its further evolution in the course of the work, as well as laying special emphasis on the multidimensional typology of the social portrait of the ‘dekulakized’ peasants.

Three e-prosopographical databases were created – ‘Dekulakized’ peasants of the Southern Ural (1930-1934)’ based on 34 parameters for 1461 ‘dekulakized’ families; ‘Labor settlers in the Southern Ural (1930-1934)’ based on 20 parameters for 1200 families of the labor settlers; and ‘Dekulakized’ peasants of the Orenburg region (1930-1934)’ based on 34 parameters for 210 families of the ‘dekulakized’ peasants. Databases in question have become a tool for analysis of the generalized characteristics of the ‘dekulakized’ households and the subsequent reconstruction of the social portrait of the ‘dekulakized’ peasants of the Southern Ural and the Orenburg region.

Causes and reasons for ‘dekulakization’ were analyzed. Thus, according to the documents, the policy of the country administration had been reciprocated neither by peasants, who could not understand why they were taken the last piece of bread at hungry times and denied the opportunity to raise the economy of the households, nor by the local leaders, who had periodically ‘perverted’ the party line, which turned out to be not so direct as it was seen from the Center.

As in the whole throughout the country, in the Southern Ural, the ‘dekulakization’ campaign, reinforced by the famine of 1932-1933, has affected not only the rich peasant families (they obviously would not be enough to perform ‘the control figures’), but wealthy medium peasant households, as well, that, on the one hand, has neutralized property differentiation of the peasantry, preparing the appropriate soil for the functioning of the collective farms, and on the other hand, has significantly slowed down the rate of growth of the agricultural production, destroying entrepreneurial initiative, which became stronger during the NEP, and significantly shaking the trust of the peasants to the country administration.

For eight decades of the study of various aspects of the history of the Soviet ‘dekulakization’, an extensive and diverse literature was developed, hundreds of studies were written, among which the works of the following authors are of particular note: V. P. Danilov, N. A. Ivnitskiy, Y.A. Moshkov, N.L. Rogalina, T.I. Slavko, N.Y. Gushchin, V.V. Kondrashin, etc. So much academic interest in the topic can be explained very simply: by 1926, 73% of the USSR population was presented by peasants, and the policy, pursued by the government, could not have been affected such huge population in the most devastating way, especially given the traditionally strong relationship between peasant families.

Historiography of the ‘dekulakization’ issue at the present stage is concentrated towards the revision of the estimates based on multiple vectors, including both identification of social groups and layers, on which repressions were directed, and personification of ‘dekulakization’ in the fate of certain families.

In the present work, we focused on social and economic aspects of collectivization and ‘dekulakization’ of the peasantry of the Ural, as well as reconstruction of the social portrait of the ‘dekulakized’ peasants of the Southern Ural and the Orenburg region.

The book is designed both for specialists in economic and social history of the USSR, and a wide readership interested in the Stalin’s collectivization and ‘dekulakization’ in the 1930s.

… 
Vol. 6. Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2017.
2 декабря 2016

Towards the First Far Eastern Republic: Regionalism, Socialism, and Nationalism in Pacific Russia, 1905–1918

The working paper offers a new interpretation of the intellectual and political genealogies of the Far Eastern Republic (1920–1922). The working paper demonstrates that the Far Eastern Republic was not a new project, as a similar formation was first proclaimed on April 10, 1918, in Khabarovsk as an autonomy within the Soviet Russian Republic under the name of the Soviet Republic of the Far East in line with the resolutions of the Third All-Russian Congress of Soviets. The Soviet Republic of the Far East was a product of regionalist and nationalist discourses and built on the ideas of decentralization which were widely discussed since the First Russian Revolution (1905–1907) by liberals and socialists alike and began to be implemented after the February Revolution (1917). The Chernobyl-born and Chicago-educated Bolshevik Aleksandr Mikhailovich Krasnoshchekov, who led the establishment of the Far Eastern Republic in 1920, also headed the Soviet Republic of the Far East in 1918. Its government, the Far Eastern Council of People’s Commissars (Dal’sovnarkom) defied the authority of the Central Executive Committee of Siberian Soviets (Tsentrosibir’) and disobeyed the Moscow central government implementing thereby a regionalist approach to Soviet federalism. Krasnoshchekov’s project relied on the ideas of the Populists (Narodniki), the Socialist Revolutionaries, and the Social Democrats which were tested in the Russian Far East during the First Russian Revolution and the interpretations of Far Eastern history and interests which were put forward by regional deputies in the Russian State Duma. The formation of the first Far Eastern republic was facilitated by the activities of Deputy of the Fourth Duma and Commissar of the Provisional Government for the Far East Aleksandr Nikolaevich Rusanov who led the formation of a regional organization uniting democratically elected zemstvo and municipal self-government bodies. … 
Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. 142.

А.Я. Алексеев и кино

Статья посвящена кинематографической карьере известного театрального режиссера А.Я. Алексеева-Яковлева. До сих пор о его отношении к кинематографу писали применительно к одному лишь эпизоду: в 1913 г. фирма «Русское кинематографическое товарищество», проводя съемки в Петровском парке, засняла инсценировку А.Я. Алексеева «Взятие Азова». Позднее этот материал без ведома режиссера был выпущен в виде отдельного фильма «Взятие Азова», который, при посредстве акционерного общества «Бр. Пате», демонстрировался по всей России.  За этим последовало громкое судебное разбирательство: режиссер Алексеев подал жалобу на «Российское кинематографическое т-во» и его распорядителя В.В.Функе. Однако режиссер также активно работал в кино на рубеже 1900-х -- 1910-х гг. Этому не исследованному ранее периоду в его биографии и посвящена статья.

… 
Ковалова А. О., Конечный А. М.
Киноведческие записки. 2017.
12 октября 2016