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Acculturation preferences, ethnic and religious identification and the socio-economic adaptation of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium

This study tests a model of the socio-economic adaptation of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium. It examines the roles of language skills and length of stay in Belgium, and of ethnic and religious identification in their acculturation preferences in their adaptation. The study showed that language skills were positively related to preferences for integration and assimilation, while length of stay was negatively related to separation. In turn, integration and assimilation predicted higher socio-economic adaptation, and separation predicted lower adaptation. Ethnic and religious identification also played a role. In sum, more orientation toward the host society (integration and assimilation) promoted better adaptation.

Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. 2017. Vol. 46. No. 6. P. 537-557.

A Control Theory Model of Smoking

e present a heuristic control theory model that describes smoking under restricted and unrestricted access to cigarettes. The model is based on the allostasis theory and uses a formal representation of a multiscale opponent process. The model simulates smoking behavior of an individual and produces both short-term (“loading up” after not smoking for a while) and long-term smoking patterns (e.g., gradual transition from a few cigarettes to one pack a day). By introducing a formal representation of withdrawal- and craving-like processes, the model produces gradual increases over time in withdrawal- and craving-like signals associated with abstinence and shows that after 3 months of abstinence, craving disappears. The model was programmed as a computer application allowing users to select simulation scenarios. The application links images of brain regions that are activated during the binge/intoxication, withdrawal, or craving with corresponding simulated states. The model was calibrated to represent smoking patterns described in peer-reviewed literature; however, it is generic enough to be adapted to other drugs, including cocaine and opioids. Although the model does not mechanistically describe specific neurobiological processes, it can be useful in prevention and treatment practices as an illustration of drug-using behaviors and expected dynamics of withdrawal and craving during abstinence.

Bobashev G., Holloway J., Solano E. et al.
Methods Reports (RTI Press). 2017. Vol. июнь. P. 1-20.
16 октября 2017

Collective Organizational Efficacy and Collective Work Engagement in Internationalized Companies: The Moderating Role of Specific Collective Organizational Efficacy

The study examines whether the positive relationship, observed in previous study, between self-efficacy and work engagement is observed also at the collective level, between collective organizational efficacy and collective work engagement. Moreover, the moderating role of specific collective organizational efficacy is analysed. A questionnaire, administered to 358 employees from 13 Italian companies of the Food & Beverage sector, included three scales: 1) general collective organizational efficacy scale (Bohn, 2010); 2) specific collective organizational efficacy in internationalization, developed for the present study, and 3) collective work engagement scale. Results showed a positive relationship between collective organizational efficacy and collective work engagement. Specific collective organizational efficacy moderates the effect only for the vigor and absorption dimensions of collective work engagement, suggesting that employees are engaged in their job when they perceive that the organization is very effective, or ineffective, in general and in a specific task. The practical implications of the results of the present study are discussed. 

Kravchenko E., Zappalà S.
Psicologia Sociale. 2017. No. 1. P. 57-75.

Converging Paths Toward Meaning

The article summarizes the current discussion of personal meaning in the context of the history of the psychological study of the construct of meaning. The first section provides an historical overview of the psychological study of meaning, including the recent surge of publications during the past five years that have emphasized the task of dialogical integration. The second section reviews the articles  included in this issue from the viewpoint of their contribution to this integration. The results of this round of discussions are summarized as 3 statements that might serve as the basis for a consensus regarding the construct of personal meaning: 1. The importance of the construct of meaning; 2. Its tripartite structure, including motivational, emotional, and cognitive components; 3. Its irreducibility to either objective or subjective components and the importance of understanding the holistic quality of meaning emerging in the interplay of the two realms.

Journal of Constructivist Psychology. 2017. Vol. 30. No. 1. P. 74-81.
21 декабря 2015

Development and Validation of the Constructivist Supervisor Scale

The purpose of this research was to develop an instrument for assessing constructivist counselor supervision practices. In an exploratory mode, we also tested supervisee preferences regarding constructivist supervision. Items consistent with constructivist supervision were developed based on a thorough review of the literature and rated by experts in constructivist supervision. Counselors currently receiving supervision (n = 308, 81% female) responded to these items, indicating the extent to which their current or most recent supervisor adhered to these constructivist practices during supervision. Principal components analysis results revealed three main components of constructivist supervision practice: warm and non-directive relationship, past and present experiences, and acceptance of various styles. Preliminary evidence for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity of the scale items are reported. Participants also indicated the degree to which they preferred their supervisors’ constructivist practices. The Constructivist Supervisor Scale may be used in future research focused on supervision processes as well as in practice to assess the degree to which these core constructivist methods are used during supervision.

Halligan Avery E. M., Guiffrida D. A., Lynch M. F.
Journal of Constructivist Psychology. 2017. Vol. 30. No. 4. P. 439-455.
8 января 2016

Effects of Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation on the Primary Motor Cortex by Online Combined Approach with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS) is a neuromodulatory technique able to act through sinusoidal electrical waveforms in a specific frequency and in turn modulate ongoing cortical oscillatory activity. This neurotool allows the establishment of a causal link between endogenous oscillatory activity and behavior. Most of the tACS studies have shown online effects of tACS. However, little is known about the underlying action mechanisms of this technique because of the AC-induced artifacts on Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. Here we show a unique approach to investigate online physiological frequency-specific effects of tACS of the primary motor cortex (M1) by using single pulse Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) to probe cortical excitability changes. In our setup, the TMS coil is placed over the tACS electrode while Motor Evoked Potentials (MEPs) are collected to test the effects of the ongoing M1-tACS. So far, this approach has mainly been used to study the visual and motor systems. However, the current tACS-TMS setup can pave the way for future investigations of cognitive functions. Therefore, we provide a step-by-step manual and video guidelines for the procedure.

Shpektor A., Nazarova M., Feurra M.
Journal of Visualized Experiments. 2017. No. 127.
26 сентября 2017

Electoral Choices and Basic Values of Russians

Существуют исследования, показывающие на примере различных стран,  что базовые индивидуальные ценности могут предсказывать политическое  поведение, в частности, предпочтения в процессе голосования за различные по-литические партии и коалиции. В нашей работе мы задаемся вопросом о том,  какие ценности были связаны с результатами голосования россиян на выбо-рах президента РФ в марте 2012 г. Эмпирическое исследование основано на  результатах репрезентативного опроса в двух федеральных округах России  (N=2061), проведенного вскоре после выборов (июль 2012 г.). Анкета включала  методику Ш. Шварца для оценки базовых человеческих ценностей (PVQ-R), а  также респондентов спрашивали, за какого из пяти кандидатов в президенты  РФ они отдали свой голос. Далее, при помощи мультиномиальной логистической  регрессии, были выявлены взаимосвязи базовых ценностей респондентов и их  предпочтений по итогам голосования. Исследование показало, что, во-первых,  основной ценностной оппозицией, связанной с результатами выборов, является  «сохранение»–«открытость к изменениям». Во-вторых, голосование за боль-шинство кандидатов (за четырех из пяти) связано с ценностями блока «сохра-нение», что может говорить об отсутствии принципиальных различий в базо-вых ценностях, транслируемых данными российскими политиками. … 
PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017. № 72.
20 апреля 2017

GR:Взаимодействие бизнеса и органов власти.Учебник и практикум для бакалавриата и магистратуры

Учебник посвящен теоретическим и практическим аспектам взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Рассмотрены теоретические основы взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Проанализированы особенности взаимодействия государства и бизнеса в сфере инвестиций, государственных закупок, антимонопольного регулирования, государственно-частного партнерства, определяется социальная ответственность участников данного взаимодействия. Приводятся теоретические основы адаптации государства и бизнеса в условиях циклического развития экономики. Издание предназначено для бакалавров, обучающихся по направлению «Экономика», для магистрантов, обучающихся по разным направлениям, для преподавателей.

Марковская Е. И., Троицкая И. В., Медведь А. А. и др.
М.: Юрайт, 2017.

How do social beliefs affect political action motivation? The cases of Russia and Ukraine



Gulevich O., Sarieva I., Nevryuev A. N. et al.
Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 2017. No. 20. P. 382-395.
13 декабря 2016


В работе представлены результаты исследования, проведенного на выборке бизнес-лидеров организаций финансового сектора, целью которого был поиск ключевых факторов мотивационного пространства, определяющих профессинальную деятельность.  Диагностическая процедура была построена на основе методики Мотивационная карта (Стрижова, Гусев, 2013) и предполагала решение респондентом мотивационной задачи. Респонденты проводили множественную визуальную сравнительную оценку стандартизированного перечня мотивационных объектов (Ж.Нюттен) в 2-мерном графическом пространстве оценочных шкал. … 
Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. WP BRP 74/PSY/2017.
14 апреля 2017

Multisemiotic analysis of latent discrimination against feminist coaches

Эта статья посвящена мультисемиотическому анализу дискриминации коучей фиминисток. Мы провели исследование двух разных групп: русских и индусов. Эксперты из России (Группа A) и Индии (Группа B) оценивали выражение лица на фотографиях и писали ответы и комментарии в анкете, предназначенной для оценки фотографий. Результаты показывают, что мультисемиотический анализ может дать представление о том, как дискриминация может быть выявлена с использованием фотографий коучей феминисток.

Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values. 2017. No. 3.
25 мая 2017

Neural mechanisms of cognitive dissonance (revised): An EEG study.

Cognitive dissonance theory suggests that our preferences are modulated by the mere act of choosing. A choice between two similarly valued alternatives creates psychological tension (cognitive dissonance) that is reduced by a post-decisional reevaluation of the alternatives. We measured EEG of human subjects during rest and free-choice paradigm. Our study demonstrates that choices associated with stronger cognitive dissonance trigger a larger negative fronto-central evoked response similar to error-related negativity(ERN), which has in turn been implicated in general performance monitoring. Furthermore, the amplitude of the evoked response is correlated with the reevaluation of the alternatives. We also found a link between individual neural dynamics (long-range temporal correlations- LRTC) of the fronto-central cortices during rest and follow-up neural and behavioral effects of cognitive dissonance. Individuals with stronger resting-state LRTC demonstrated a greater post-decisional reevaluation of the alternatives and larger evoked brain responses associated with stronger cognitive dissonance. Thus, our results suggest that cognitive dissonance is reflected in both resting-state and choice-related activity of the prefrontal cortex as part of the general performance-monitoring circuitry.

Journal of Neuroscience. 2017.
2 мая 2017