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Публикации

A Comparison of Russian Practices in Industrial Statistics with UN Recommendations: Similarities and Differences in Classifications, Data Items and Indicators

Основной целью данной работы является сопоставление российской государственной информационной системы промышленности с международными рекомендациями статистического отдела UNIDO. Гармонизация национальной информационной системы с успешными мировыми статистическими практиками необходима для измерения уровня и динамики развития основных промышленных индикаторов относительно информационных аналогов как трансграничных, так и стратегически значимых государств, что позволяет оценить эффективность и конкурентоспособность российской промышленности и принимать оптимальные решения на всех уровнях управления в стране. Проведенное исследование показало, что значительное число ежегодных, ежеквартальных, ежемесячных и недельных форм отчетности Росстата при отсутствии единой формы-вопросника для получения от предприятия исчерпывающей информации и единых методологических рекомендаций не снимает проблемы недостающих сведений по сравнению с рекомендациями ООН. Нерешенной проблемой остается выбор минимальной статистической единицы. Уровень детализации доступной информации недостаточен для анализа качества и эффективности промышленной политики, в том числе в сопоставлении с общемировым уровнем и тенденциями реиндустриализации. Очевидна необходимость модернизации государственной статистической системы не только в направлении снижения нагрузки на отчитывающиеся предприятия, но и с целью повышения открытости и сопоставимости информации на детализированном уровне, позволяющей проводить оценку качества и эффективности промышленной политики в стране в целом и региональном разрезе. … 
Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 72.
7 марта 2017

Age-specific net migration patterns in the municipal formations of Russia

This paper analyses the spatial patterns of internal migration in Russia using data on net migration gain/loss in 2200 municipal formations (MFs) in Russia for the 2012–2013 period. These MFs are grouped into age categories that correspond with different life-course stages. We define 16 classes of MFs with similar migration balance patterns for multiple age groups and characterize the most typical classes. The results of our analysis show that age-specific migration patterns are determined by the spatial characteristics of MFs—in particular, a municipality’s localization in the centreperiphery system and the advantages of the geographic location (e.g., resort area, natural resources). We find that a city’s population size and administrative status are also important migration factors. In addition, we reveal differences in inter-regional and intra-regional migration and define their structural characteristics. An analysis of age-specific net migration contributes to our understanding of internal migration factors and allows us to assess the impact of migration on a municipality’s age structure. In large cities and regional centres, migration results in younger populations, while in peripheral areas, it speeds up population ageing. In most of the MFs that we analysed, the migration of youth and adults ‘moves’ in opposite directions. This factor accelerates the impact of migration on the population age structure in areas of destination and origin and significantly influences a municipality’s current and prospective demographic parameters as well as the population’s patterns of settlement and spatial concentration or de-concentration both nationally and regionally.

… 
GeoJournal. 2017.

An Analysis of the Economic Determinants of Food Security in North Africa

Данная статья исследует проблемы продовольственной безопасности как основы устойчивого экономического развития на примере Северной Африки. Был проведен статистический анализ экономических и финансовых детерминант продовольственной безопасности с использованием моделей коинтеграции и данныхофициальной международной статистики Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организации (ФАО) и Всемирного банка на период 1991-2014 гг. Согласно результатам, рост численности населения и интенсификация сельскохозяйственного производства, развитие внешней торговли и прямые иностранные инвестиции играют решающую роль в обеспечении продовольственной безопасности. Исследование выявило взаимосвязь между продовольственной безопасностью и развитием банковских и финансовых систем в регионе и их степенью глобализации. Была оправдана стратегия долгосрочной инвестиционной политики Всемирного банка и ФАО по борьбе с голодом и нищетой. Предложенная методология может использоваться для мониторинга и оценки эффективности политики по обеспечению продовольственной безопасности в регионах Африки. … 
Basic research program. WP BRP. National research university Higher School of economics, 2017. No. 166/EC/2017.

Assessing data on mortality from external causes: Case study of the Republic of Bashkortostan

The article addresses the poor quality of mortality statistics due to external causes, as figures are understated in Russia and its federal subjects. The actual death rates for homicides, suicides, and alcohol poisonings in the Republic of Bashkortostan have been reviewed based on the suggested models. According to models 1–3, on average, homicide mortality is estimated to be 1.6 times higher for males and 1.4 times higher for females compared to the officially reported data; suicide mortality rates are 1.2 times higher for both genders, while fatal accidental poisonings by alcohol are 1.8 times higher among males and 2.1 times higher among females. Model 4 predicts the gain in homicide mortality to be 3.8 and 3.2 times that for males and females, respectively, and the increase in suicide mortality to be 1.4 times higher for males and 2 times higher for females. Last but not least, mortality from fatal alcohol poisoning is predicted to be 3.0 times and 5.9 times higher than the officially reported rates. The mortality rate from the all so-called external causes is expected to increase by 1.2 times among males and by 1.4 times among females, mainly due to the increase in mortality levels in working-age groups (15–60).

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Studies on Russian Economic Development. 2017. Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 97-109.

Basel regulation: A dangerous obsession

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) standards are generally accepted by 46 countries in the world (28 jurisdictions). However, these countries differ in terms of details of standards’ implementation, i.e. national discretions take place. In 2012 the Basel Committee launched Regulatory Compliance Assessment Program (RCAP) to assure that all member states operate according to rules at least not softer than the original ones. Standards’ unification across countries results in need for less developed countries to adopt standards faster and in a more stringent form. One may foresee financial instability exacerbation as an outcome of such policy.

That is why paper objective is to demonstrate that standards’ implementation (RCAP) score is an implicit product of country’s macroeconomic and financial system development. For example, higher share of foreign banks and higher unemployment are strongly associated with countries that have regulation significantly different from the Basel original ones (having low compliance scores finally). This is exactly why standards should be differentiated by countries. Key message of the paper is that to promote financial stability regulator should target natural heterogeneity of risk management and risk regulation instead of that appealing artificial homogeneity (of which RCAP is one the examples).

… 
Model Assisted Statistics and Applications. 2017. Vol. 12. No. 1. P. 1-26.
28 января 2017

Biopolitics, Borders, and Refugee Camps: Exercising Sovereign Power Over Nonmembers of the State

This article addresses the relationship between the concepts of national identity and biopolitics by examining a border-transit camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers in Germany. Current studies of detention spaces for migrants have drawn heavily on Agamben’s reflection on the “camp” and “homo-sacer”, where the camp is analyzed as a space in permanent state of exception, in which the government exercises sovereign power over the refugee as the ultimate biopolitical subject. But what groups of people can end up at a camp, and does the government treat all groups in the same way? This article examines the German camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers as a space where the state’s borders are demarcated and controlled through practices of bureaucratic and narrative differentiation between various groups of people. The author uses the concept of detention space to draw a theoretical link between national identity and biopolitics, and demonstrates how the sovereign’s practices of control and differentiation at the camp construct German national identity through defining “nonmembers” of the state. The study draws on ethnographic fieldwork at the German border transit camp Friedland and on a discourse analysis of texts produced at the camp or for the camp.

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Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. 2017. Vol. 45. No. 1. P. 41-60.

Brazil, Russia and the multiple modernities paradigm

The article focuses on analyses of transformation processes in Brazil and Russia from the viewpoint of the multiple modernities theory. Shmuel Eisenstadt’s study of the Latin American version of modernity is characterised along with interpretations of his ideas in the works of contemporary sociologists. The peculiarities of modernisation in Brazil are singled out including the impact of orientation to external centres of liberal modernity. The modernising dynamics of Russian society is discussed on the basis of Johann Arnason’s sociological theory. It is argued that Arnason’s analysis of intercivilisational encounters and imperial modernisation is essential for understanding transformation processes in Russia.

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Social Imaginaries. 2017. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 147-165.

Capital Cities: Varieties and Patterns of Development and Relocation

The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.

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L.; NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2017.

Childbearing among first- and second generation Russians in Estonia against the background of the sending and host countries

Background: An expanding literature documents the childbearing patterns of migrants and their descendants in contemporary Europe. The existing evidence pertains mainly to the northern, western, and southern regions of the continent, while less is known about the fertility of migrants who have moved between the countries of Eastern Europe.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the fertility patterns of first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia, relative to the sending and host populations.

Methods: The study draws on the Estonian and Russian Generations and Gender Surveys. Proportional hazards models are estimated for the transitions to first, second, and third births.

Results: Russian migrants in Estonia exhibit greater similarity to the sending population, with a lower propensity for having a second and third birth than the host population. This pattern extends to the descendants of migrants. However, mixed Estonian-Russian parentage, enrolment in Estonian-language schools, and residence among the host population are associated with the convergence of Russians’ childbearing behaviour with the host-country patterns. The findings support the cultural maintenance and adaptation perspectives; selectivity was found to be less important.

Contribution: The study focuses on a previously under-researched context and underscores the importance of contextual factors in shaping migrants’ fertility patterns. It raises the possibility that, depending on the childbearing trends and levels among the sending and receiving populations, large-scale migration may reduce rather than increase aggregate fertility in the host country. With the advancement of the fertility transition in sending countries, this situation may become more common in Europe in the future.

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Puur A., Rahnu L., Abuladze L. et al.
Demographic Research. 2017. Vol. 36. P. 1209-1254.

Comparative statistics of Garman-Klass, Parkinson, Roger-Satchell and Bridge Estimators//Сравнительная статистика эстиматоров Гармана-Класса, Паркснсона, Рожера-Сетчела и эстиматора броуновского моста

Comparative statistical properties of Parkinson, Garman-Klass, Roger-Satchell and bridge oscillation estimators are discussed. Point and interval estimations, related with mentioned estimators are considered. The advantages of statistical indicators of the Brownian bridge than the other estimators had been shown. The results allow to conclude that the growth of trend leads to a significant shift of the calculated value for the classical.

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Lapinova S. A., Saichev A. I.
Cogent Physics. 2017.
26 января 2017

Countries versus Disciplines: Comparative Analysis of Post-Soviet Transformations in Academic Publications from Belarus, Russia and Ukraine

The objective of this paper is to outline and compare frameworks for studying post-Soviet transformations developed by social scientists from various disciplines in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. The objective is realized by means of quantitative content analysis of scholarly articles’ abstracts in ninety-four journals in eight (inter)disciplinary fields that covers the period of 2001-2015. This paper seeks to answer the question whether differences in the studies of the post-Soviet transformations are defined by country discourse or by the field of study. The research results suggest that there is a two-level mechanism, by which the societal context affects academia, in this case, social sciences and humanities. While general directions of scholarly attention are determined by societal differences, representations of post-Soviet transformations are framed through specific disciplinary lenses that combine both international and post-Soviet features.

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Tregubova N. D., Fabrykant M., Marchenko A.
Comparative Sociology. 2017. Vol. 16. No. 1. P. 147-177.
26 февраля 2017

Coverage of Three Tragedies in the Russian Media: Application of the Network Agenda Model

December 19, 2016, saw three tragedies simultaneously, that could not go unnoticed by the Russian media: dozens of people died as a result of a surrogate alcohol poisoning in Irkutsk, a Russian ambassador was killed in Turkey, and a terrorist attack took place at the Christmas market in Berlin. In this article using the network agenda theory we analyze how these tragedies were covered by various types of mass media: on 11 federal TV channels, in 1,974 print newspapers, in 34,905 online newspapers and 2,574 blogs. We believe that direct and indirect control of the agenda by the state can be exercised by creating a network of events that will canalize correctly discussions about tragedies. We showed that ties between the tragedy and a network of other acute issues are more important than objective circumstances, such as the number of victims or a geography of the event. The context in which the events were looked at led to greater attention to the killing of the ambassador and less attention to surrogate alcohol poisoning. The Russian mass media paid significantly less attention to the Berlin terror attack, it yet was used as a supplement to the demonstration of importance of the fight against terrorism. … 
Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. WP BRP 48/PS/2017.