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Публикации

Age-specific net migration patterns in the municipal formations of Russia

This paper analyses the spatial patterns of internal migration in Russia using data on net migration gain/loss in 2200 municipal formations (MFs) in Russia for the 2012–2013 period. These MFs are grouped into age categories that correspond with different life-course stages. We define 16 classes of MFs with similar migration balance patterns for multiple age groups and characterize the most typical classes. The results of our analysis show that age-specific migration patterns are determined by the spatial characteristics of MFs—in particular, a municipality’s localization in the centreperiphery system and the advantages of the geographic location (e.g., resort area, natural resources). We find that a city’s population size and administrative status are also important migration factors. In addition, we reveal differences in inter-regional and intra-regional migration and define their structural characteristics. An analysis of age-specific net migration contributes to our understanding of internal migration factors and allows us to assess the impact of migration on a municipality’s age structure. In large cities and regional centres, migration results in younger populations, while in peripheral areas, it speeds up population ageing. In most of the MFs that we analysed, the migration of youth and adults ‘moves’ in opposite directions. This factor accelerates the impact of migration on the population age structure in areas of destination and origin and significantly influences a municipality’s current and prospective demographic parameters as well as the population’s patterns of settlement and spatial concentration or de-concentration both nationally and regionally.

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GeoJournal. 2017.

Basel regulation: A dangerous obsession

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) standards are generally accepted by 46 countries in the world (28 jurisdictions). However, these countries differ in terms of details of standards’ implementation, i.e. national discretions take place. In 2012 the Basel Committee launched Regulatory Compliance Assessment Program (RCAP) to assure that all member states operate according to rules at least not softer than the original ones. Standards’ unification across countries results in need for less developed countries to adopt standards faster and in a more stringent form. One may foresee financial instability exacerbation as an outcome of such policy.

That is why paper objective is to demonstrate that standards’ implementation (RCAP) score is an implicit product of country’s macroeconomic and financial system development. For example, higher share of foreign banks and higher unemployment are strongly associated with countries that have regulation significantly different from the Basel original ones (having low compliance scores finally). This is exactly why standards should be differentiated by countries. Key message of the paper is that to promote financial stability regulator should target natural heterogeneity of risk management and risk regulation instead of that appealing artificial homogeneity (of which RCAP is one the examples).

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Model Assisted Statistics and Applications. 2017. Vol. 12. No. 1. P. 1-26.
28 января 2017

Biopolitics, Borders, and Refugee Camps: Exercising Sovereign Power Over Nonmembers of the State

This article addresses the relationship between the concepts of national identity and biopolitics by examining a border-transit camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers in Germany. Current studies of detention spaces for migrants have drawn heavily on Agamben’s reflection on the “camp” and “homo-sacer”, where the camp is analyzed as a space in permanent state of exception, in which the government exercises sovereign power over the refugee as the ultimate biopolitical subject. But what groups of people can end up at a camp, and does the government treat all groups in the same way? This article examines the German camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers as a space where the state’s borders are demarcated and controlled through practices of bureaucratic and narrative differentiation between various groups of people. The author uses the concept of detention space to draw a theoretical link between national identity and biopolitics, and demonstrates how the sovereign’s practices of control and differentiation at the camp construct German national identity through defining “nonmembers” of the state. The study draws on ethnographic fieldwork at the German border transit camp Friedland and on a discourse analysis of texts produced at the camp or for the camp.

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Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. 2017. Vol. 45. No. 1. P. 41-60.

Comparative statistics of Garman-Klass, Parkinson, Roger-Satchell and Bridge Estimators//Сравнительная статистика эстиматоров Гармана-Класса, Паркснсона, Рожера-Сетчела и эстиматора броуновского моста

Comparative statistical properties of Parkinson, Garman-Klass, Roger-Satchell and bridge oscillation estimators are discussed. Point and interval estimations, related with mentioned estimators are considered. The advantages of statistical indicators of the Brownian bridge than the other estimators had been shown. The results allow to conclude that the growth of trend leads to a significant shift of the calculated value for the classical.

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Lapinova S. A., Saichev A. I.
Cogent Physics. 2017.
26 января 2017

Escaping Youth: Construction of Age by Two Cohorts of Chronologically Young Russian Women

The contemporary sociological debate highlights that youth is a category of age, but actual chronological youth is hardly viewed as a space of age production. Transition studies exclude youth as a stage of age identity production, while age studies do not problematize young people's experience. This article focuses on age construction by two groups of chronologically young women. The analysis of forty qualitative interviews with fifteen- to twenty-year-old girls and thirty- to thirty-five-year-old women from Saint Petersburg shows that the concept of youth is slipping away from the biographical narratives of the informants from both age groups. Subjective adulthood experienced by young women is a goal and a value, while a young body does not prove to be a significant and available resource. At the same time, adulthood is not constructed as a set of clearly defined social characteristics but as an identity, a subjective experience, embodied adult personhood.

… 
Young. 2017.
20 октября 2016

GR:Взаимодействие бизнеса и органов власти.Учебник и практикум для бакалавриата и магистратуры

Учебник посвящен теоретическим и практическим аспектам взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Рассмотрены теоретические основы взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Проанализированы особенности взаимодействия государства и бизнеса в сфере инвестиций, государственных закупок, антимонопольного регулирования, государственно-частного партнерства, определяется социальная ответственность участников данного взаимодействия. Приводятся теоретические основы адаптации государства и бизнеса в условиях циклического развития экономики. Издание предназначено для бакалавров, обучающихся по направлению «Экономика», для магистрантов, обучающихся по разным направлениям, для преподавателей.

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Марковская Е. И., Троицкая И. В., Медведь А. А. и др.
М.: Юрайт, 2017.

Migration background and educational achievements in Russia

Using logit regressions and longitudinal data of schoolchildren aged 6-14 (from 1st to 8th grades) over the period 2010-2013 (four waves), this article empirically examines the impact of migration status on educational achievements in Russia.  In contrast to most of the previous empirical literature, our panel data control the impact of monotonous determinants of educational achievements, such as parental education, family income, parental professional status, and many other key background factors. Our findings suggest that migration background has no effect on educational achievements after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES), child’s health, school type, settlement, and other personal characteristics, which have statistically significant effects in distinguishing between successful and unsuccessful students.

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Migraciones Internacionales. 2017. No. 32.

The effects of prenatal testosterone on wages: Evidence from Russia

Is in utero exposure to testosterone correlated with earnings? The question matters for understanding determinants of wage differences that have attracted so much attention among economists in the past decade. Evidence indicates that markers for early testosterone exposure are correlated with traits like risk-taking and aggressiveness. But it is not at all clear how such findings might map into labor market success. We combine unique data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey with measured markers (2D:4D ratios) for testosterone exposure and find that lower digit ratios (higher T) correlate with higher wages for women and for men, when controlling for age, education and occupation. There is also some evidence of a potential non-linear, inverse U-effect of digit ratios on wages but this is sensitive to choice of specification. These findings are consistent with earlier work on prenatal T and success in careers (Coates et al., 2009) but inconsistent with the work of Gielen et al. (2016) who find differing effects for men and women.

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Nye J. V., Bruhanov M., Kochergina E. V. et al.
Economics and Human Biology. 2017. Vol. 24. P. 43-60.

The impact of socioeconomic status and population size on the use of the Tatar language at home

In this article we empirically study the impact of socioeconomic status and population size on the use of the Tatar language at home in Tatarstan, Russia. We use two analytical subsamples, the first one includes 709 pupils with Tatar ethnicity, and the second adds pupils reporting two ethnicities, Tatar-Russian. Based on econometric methods, principally logistic regressions, and controlling for the grade in the Russian language class, school characteristics, psychological attributes, health issues, family structure, and gender, we found a negative significant effect on the use of Tatar, that is, children from families with better material conditions, and those who live in bigger cities, are more likely to use Russian. Although Tatar seems to be well protected thanks to local language policies after perestroika, we found some warning signs for the reformulation of public policies for the maintenance and development of minority languages in Russia

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Tovar-García E. D., Podmazin E.
Intercultural Education. 2017.

Who demands collective action in an imperfect institutional environment? A case study of the profession of advocates in Russia

We analyse the profession of criminal defence lawyers (“advocates”) in Russia to understand their potential for collective action in an imperfect institutional environment. In 2013, we conducted a survey of 372 advocates in 9 regions of Russia. The following two main hypotheses are tested: (1) lawyers with strong ethical values have a higher demand for collective action; and (2) the negative experience of clients' rights violations by law enforcement officers can motivate advocates to support the foundation of a strong professional association. We suggest that an advocate's profession with bona fide members at the core could be an instrument to evaluate and to improve the quality of law enforcement in Russia.

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Journal of Eurasian Studies. 2017. Vol. 8. No. 1. P. 60-71.

Анализ влияния фактора нефтяных цен на российский фондовый рынок

Представлен анализ трансляции шоков нефтяной цены на рынок акций в стране–экспортере нефти, включающий описание теоретических моделей формирования цены акций. Рассмотрены модели формирования стоимости акций с учетом различных факторов. Построена модель изменение биржевого индекса ММВБ c 2008 г по апрель 2016 в зависимости от курса национальной валюты, американского биржевого индекса S&P500, глобальная процентной ставки. Подтверждена гипотеза о влияние цены на нефть марки Brent на российский фондовый рынок, выявлена его асимметрия.

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Лапинова С. А., Жердева К. А.
Российский экономический интернет-журнал. 2017. Т. 1.
26 января 2017