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Публикации

«Ну, это же Почта!»: как происходят истории в организациях, а организация в историях

Организации для исследователей перестали быть лишь бесчувственными формальными образованиями: у них есть культуры, а их сотрудники живые люди. Один из способов услышать голоса этих людей – через рассказанные ими истории. Истории повествуют о внутренних событиях и их интерпретациях, позволяют рассмотреть скрытый мир эмоций, в котором через нарратив происходит борьба за власть, усвоение (или отрицание) ценностей и становление нового порядка. Три истории, рассказанные сотрудниками главного офиса «Почты России» в Москве показывают восприятие сотрудниками процесса организационных изменений, запущенного с приходом нового руководства в 2013 г. Через метафоры «драмы», «неуправляемой организации» и «повествующей организации» анализируются кадровые перестановки, работа центра с почтовыми отделениями на периферии, а также взаимодействие между внутренними подразделениями Почты и с Министерством связи и массовых коммуникаций. Знакомая фраза «Ну, это же Почта!» оказывается намного более сложной и скрывающей за собой комплекс проблем и процессов, не все из которых еще осознаются даже непосредственно сотрудниками организации

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Этнографическое обозрение. 2018.
6 октября 2017

Acculturation preferences, ethnic and religious identification and the socio-economic adaptation of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium

This study tests a model of the socio-economic adaptation of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium. It examines the roles of language skills and length of stay in Belgium, and of ethnic and religious identification in their acculturation preferences in their adaptation. The study showed that language skills were positively related to preferences for integration and assimilation, while length of stay was negatively related to separation. In turn, integration and assimilation predicted higher socio-economic adaptation, and separation predicted lower adaptation. Ethnic and religious identification also played a role. In sum, more orientation toward the host society (integration and assimilation) promoted better adaptation.

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Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. 2017. Vol. 46. No. 6. P. 537-557.

A Comparison of Russian Practices in Industrial Statistics with UN Recommendations: Similarities and Differences in Classifications, Data Items and Indicators

Основной целью данной работы является сопоставление российской государственной информационной системы промышленности с международными рекомендациями статистического отдела UNIDO. Гармонизация национальной информационной системы с успешными мировыми статистическими практиками необходима для измерения уровня и динамики развития основных промышленных индикаторов относительно информационных аналогов как трансграничных, так и стратегически значимых государств, что позволяет оценить эффективность и конкурентоспособность российской промышленности и принимать оптимальные решения на всех уровнях управления в стране. Проведенное исследование показало, что значительное число ежегодных, ежеквартальных, ежемесячных и недельных форм отчетности Росстата при отсутствии единой формы-вопросника для получения от предприятия исчерпывающей информации и единых методологических рекомендаций не снимает проблемы недостающих сведений по сравнению с рекомендациями ООН. Нерешенной проблемой остается выбор минимальной статистической единицы. Уровень детализации доступной информации недостаточен для анализа качества и эффективности промышленной политики, в том числе в сопоставлении с общемировым уровнем и тенденциями реиндустриализации. Очевидна необходимость модернизации государственной статистической системы не только в направлении снижения нагрузки на отчитывающиеся предприятия, но и с целью повышения открытости и сопоставимости информации на детализированном уровне, позволяющей проводить оценку качества и эффективности промышленной политики в стране в целом и региональном разрезе. … 
Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 72.
7 марта 2017

Agenda-Setting in Russian Media

The purpose of this study is to test the agenda-setting theory, according to which the media has a significant impact on what people consider to be important events. We compare the results of the Levada Center surveys on the most memorable events of the month with the number of publications on these issues in the press. We focused on the period from January 2014 to December 2016. A total of 884 events were analyzed in the article. The results of the study confirm the impact of discussions in the media on people's attention to the problem. The results also show that the discussions in the media one week before the date of polling are more important than the issues covered over the entire month. People better remember those events which took place shortly before the polling, as well as the events the discussion of which intensified during this period. It is also important to note the role of regional publications in the sensitization of the public to various issues. The issues covered by the national newspapers and news agencies, but ignored by the regional press, are much worse remembered by the population. The results of the study are controlled for background of the discussion: the presence of important events in each relevant month, which monopolized the public attention, is taken into account. … 
Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. WP BRP 49/PS/2017.

Age-specific net migration patterns in the municipal formations of Russia

This paper analyses the spatial patterns of internal migration in Russia using data on net migration gain/loss in 2200 municipal formations (MFs) in Russia for the 2012–2013 period. These MFs are grouped into age categories that correspond with different life-course stages. We define 16 classes of MFs with similar migration balance patterns for multiple age groups and characterize the most typical classes. The results of our analysis show that age-specific migration patterns are determined by the spatial characteristics of MFs—in particular, a municipality’s localization in the centreperiphery system and the advantages of the geographic location (e.g., resort area, natural resources). We find that a city’s population size and administrative status are also important migration factors. In addition, we reveal differences in inter-regional and intra-regional migration and define their structural characteristics. An analysis of age-specific net migration contributes to our understanding of internal migration factors and allows us to assess the impact of migration on a municipality’s age structure. In large cities and regional centres, migration results in younger populations, while in peripheral areas, it speeds up population ageing. In most of the MFs that we analysed, the migration of youth and adults ‘moves’ in opposite directions. This factor accelerates the impact of migration on the population age structure in areas of destination and origin and significantly influences a municipality’s current and prospective demographic parameters as well as the population’s patterns of settlement and spatial concentration or de-concentration both nationally and regionally.

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GeoJournal. 2017.

A History for the Centenary of the Russian Revolution (Review of Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928 by S. A. Smith)

This review essay focuses on the new monograph by S. A. Smith Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928 (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017). As a leading expert in the social history of the Russian Revolution of 1917, Smith provides a comprehensive political, social, and cultural narrative of one of the central events in the global history of the twentieth century. Directed at a general readership, the book offers an excellent overview of existing Russian and Western scholarship, outlines the main course of events, introduces most important actors, and contains thought-provoking conclusions about the revolution. As seen from the title, Smith takes a longish view on the political rupture and includes a comprehensive analysis of social and political life of the Russian Empire, a brief overview of the First Russian Revolution (1905–1907) and the economic and political crisis of the First World War (1914–1918) before discussing the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Russian Civil War, and the period of the New Economic Policy (NEP). The book’s conclusion is a comprehensive essay attempting to comprehend the revolution and its consequences as a whole. As a nuanced social, political, and cultural history, Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928 outlines the Revolution of 1917 as a tectonic shift which cannot be reduced to a simple change of the elites in the Russian imperial formation. Smith’s brilliant work will be invaluable for the students of history, both in Russia and abroad, and all those who are interested in global history in general and the Russian Revolution in particular.

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Sablin I.
Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 2. История. 2017. Vol. 62. No. 3. P. 638-644.

An Analysis of the Economic Determinants of Food Security in North Africa

Данная статья исследует проблемы продовольственной безопасности как основы устойчивого экономического развития на примере Северной Африки. Был проведен статистический анализ экономических и финансовых детерминант продовольственной безопасности с использованием моделей коинтеграции и данныхофициальной международной статистики Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организации (ФАО) и Всемирного банка на период 1991-2014 гг. Согласно результатам, рост численности населения и интенсификация сельскохозяйственного производства, развитие внешней торговли и прямые иностранные инвестиции играют решающую роль в обеспечении продовольственной безопасности. Исследование выявило взаимосвязь между продовольственной безопасностью и развитием банковских и финансовых систем в регионе и их степенью глобализации. Была оправдана стратегия долгосрочной инвестиционной политики Всемирного банка и ФАО по борьбе с голодом и нищетой. Предложенная методология может использоваться для мониторинга и оценки эффективности политики по обеспечению продовольственной безопасности в регионах Африки. … 
Basic research program. WP BRP. National research university Higher School of economics, 2017. No. 166/EC/2017.

Assessing data on mortality from external causes: Case study of the Republic of Bashkortostan

The article addresses the poor quality of mortality statistics due to external causes, as figures are understated in Russia and its federal subjects. The actual death rates for homicides, suicides, and alcohol poisonings in the Republic of Bashkortostan have been reviewed based on the suggested models. According to models 1–3, on average, homicide mortality is estimated to be 1.6 times higher for males and 1.4 times higher for females compared to the officially reported data; suicide mortality rates are 1.2 times higher for both genders, while fatal accidental poisonings by alcohol are 1.8 times higher among males and 2.1 times higher among females. Model 4 predicts the gain in homicide mortality to be 3.8 and 3.2 times that for males and females, respectively, and the increase in suicide mortality to be 1.4 times higher for males and 2 times higher for females. Last but not least, mortality from fatal alcohol poisoning is predicted to be 3.0 times and 5.9 times higher than the officially reported rates. The mortality rate from the all so-called external causes is expected to increase by 1.2 times among males and by 1.4 times among females, mainly due to the increase in mortality levels in working-age groups (15–60).

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Studies On Russian Economic Development. 2017. Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 97-109.

Basel regulation: A dangerous obsession

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) standards are generally accepted by 46 countries in the world (28 jurisdictions). However, these countries differ in terms of details of standards’ implementation, i.e. national discretions take place. In 2012 the Basel Committee launched Regulatory Compliance Assessment Program (RCAP) to assure that all member states operate according to rules at least not softer than the original ones. Standards’ unification across countries results in need for less developed countries to adopt standards faster and in a more stringent form. One may foresee financial instability exacerbation as an outcome of such policy.

That is why paper objective is to demonstrate that standards’ implementation (RCAP) score is an implicit product of country’s macroeconomic and financial system development. For example, higher share of foreign banks and higher unemployment are strongly associated with countries that have regulation significantly different from the Basel original ones (having low compliance scores finally). This is exactly why standards should be differentiated by countries. Key message of the paper is that to promote financial stability regulator should target natural heterogeneity of risk management and risk regulation instead of that appealing artificial homogeneity (of which RCAP is one the examples).

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Model Assisted Statistics and Applications. 2017. Vol. 12. No. 1. P. 1-26.
28 января 2017

Biopolitics, Borders, and Refugee Camps: Exercising Sovereign Power Over Nonmembers of the State

This article addresses the relationship between the concepts of national identity and biopolitics by examining a border-transit camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers in Germany. Current studies of detention spaces for migrants have drawn heavily on Agamben’s reflection on the “camp” and “homo-sacer”, where the camp is analyzed as a space in permanent state of exception, in which the government exercises sovereign power over the refugee as the ultimate biopolitical subject. But what groups of people can end up at a camp, and does the government treat all groups in the same way? This article examines the German camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers as a space where the state’s borders are demarcated and controlled through practices of bureaucratic and narrative differentiation between various groups of people. The author uses the concept of detention space to draw a theoretical link between national identity and biopolitics, and demonstrates how the sovereign’s practices of control and differentiation at the camp construct German national identity through defining “nonmembers” of the state. The study draws on ethnographic fieldwork at the German border transit camp Friedland and on a discourse analysis of texts produced at the camp or for the camp.

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Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. 2017. Vol. 45. No. 1. P. 41-60.

Brazil, Russia and the multiple modernities paradigm

The article focuses on analyses of transformation processes in Brazil and Russia from the viewpoint of the multiple modernities theory. Shmuel Eisenstadt’s study of the Latin American version of modernity is characterised along with interpretations of his ideas in the works of contemporary sociologists. The peculiarities of modernisation in Brazil are singled out including the impact of orientation to external centres of liberal modernity. The modernising dynamics of Russian society is discussed on the basis of Johann Arnason’s sociological theory. It is argued that Arnason’s analysis of intercivilisational encounters and imperial modernisation is essential for understanding transformation processes in Russia.

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Social Imaginaries. 2017. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 147-165.

Capital Cities: Varieties and Patterns of Development and Relocation

The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.

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L.; NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2017.