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A Comparison of Russian Practices in Industrial Statistics with UN Recommendations: Similarities and Differences in Classifications, Data Items and Indicators

Основной целью данной работы является сопоставление российской государственной информационной системы промышленности с международными рекомендациями статистического отдела UNIDO. Гармонизация национальной информационной системы с успешными мировыми статистическими практиками необходима для измерения уровня и динамики развития основных промышленных индикаторов относительно информационных аналогов как трансграничных, так и стратегически значимых государств, что позволяет оценить эффективность и конкурентоспособность российской промышленности и принимать оптимальные решения на всех уровнях управления в стране. Проведенное исследование показало, что значительное число ежегодных, ежеквартальных, ежемесячных и недельных форм отчетности Росстата при отсутствии единой формы-вопросника для получения от предприятия исчерпывающей информации и единых методологических рекомендаций не снимает проблемы недостающих сведений по сравнению с рекомендациями ООН. Нерешенной проблемой остается выбор минимальной статистической единицы. Уровень детализации доступной информации недостаточен для анализа качества и эффективности промышленной политики, в том числе в сопоставлении с общемировым уровнем и тенденциями реиндустриализации. Очевидна необходимость модернизации государственной статистической системы не только в направлении снижения нагрузки на отчитывающиеся предприятия, но и с целью повышения открытости и сопоставимости информации на детализированном уровне, позволяющей проводить оценку качества и эффективности промышленной политики в стране в целом и региональном разрезе. … 
Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 72.
7 марта 2017

Age-specific net migration patterns in the municipal formations of Russia

This paper analyses the spatial patterns of internal migration in Russia using data on net migration gain/loss in 2200 municipal formations (MFs) in Russia for the 2012–2013 period. These MFs are grouped into age categories that correspond with different life-course stages. We define 16 classes of MFs with similar migration balance patterns for multiple age groups and characterize the most typical classes. The results of our analysis show that age-specific migration patterns are determined by the spatial characteristics of MFs—in particular, a municipality’s localization in the centreperiphery system and the advantages of the geographic location (e.g., resort area, natural resources). We find that a city’s population size and administrative status are also important migration factors. In addition, we reveal differences in inter-regional and intra-regional migration and define their structural characteristics. An analysis of age-specific net migration contributes to our understanding of internal migration factors and allows us to assess the impact of migration on a municipality’s age structure. In large cities and regional centres, migration results in younger populations, while in peripheral areas, it speeds up population ageing. In most of the MFs that we analysed, the migration of youth and adults ‘moves’ in opposite directions. This factor accelerates the impact of migration on the population age structure in areas of destination and origin and significantly influences a municipality’s current and prospective demographic parameters as well as the population’s patterns of settlement and spatial concentration or de-concentration both nationally and regionally.

GeoJournal. 2017.

Assessing data on mortality from external causes: Case study of the Republic of Bashkortostan

The article addresses the poor quality of mortality statistics due to external causes, as figures are understated in Russia and its federal subjects. The actual death rates for homicides, suicides, and alcohol poisonings in the Republic of Bashkortostan have been reviewed based on the suggested models. According to models 1–3, on average, homicide mortality is estimated to be 1.6 times higher for males and 1.4 times higher for females compared to the officially reported data; suicide mortality rates are 1.2 times higher for both genders, while fatal accidental poisonings by alcohol are 1.8 times higher among males and 2.1 times higher among females. Model 4 predicts the gain in homicide mortality to be 3.8 and 3.2 times that for males and females, respectively, and the increase in suicide mortality to be 1.4 times higher for males and 2 times higher for females. Last but not least, mortality from fatal alcohol poisoning is predicted to be 3.0 times and 5.9 times higher than the officially reported rates. The mortality rate from the all so-called external causes is expected to increase by 1.2 times among males and by 1.4 times among females, mainly due to the increase in mortality levels in working-age groups (15–60).

Studies on Russian Economic Development. 2017. Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 97-109.

Basel regulation: A dangerous obsession

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) standards are generally accepted by 46 countries in the world (28 jurisdictions). However, these countries differ in terms of details of standards’ implementation, i.e. national discretions take place. In 2012 the Basel Committee launched Regulatory Compliance Assessment Program (RCAP) to assure that all member states operate according to rules at least not softer than the original ones. Standards’ unification across countries results in need for less developed countries to adopt standards faster and in a more stringent form. One may foresee financial instability exacerbation as an outcome of such policy.

That is why paper objective is to demonstrate that standards’ implementation (RCAP) score is an implicit product of country’s macroeconomic and financial system development. For example, higher share of foreign banks and higher unemployment are strongly associated with countries that have regulation significantly different from the Basel original ones (having low compliance scores finally). This is exactly why standards should be differentiated by countries. Key message of the paper is that to promote financial stability regulator should target natural heterogeneity of risk management and risk regulation instead of that appealing artificial homogeneity (of which RCAP is one the examples).

Model Assisted Statistics and Applications. 2017. Vol. 12. No. 1. P. 1-26.
28 января 2017

Biopolitics, Borders, and Refugee Camps: Exercising Sovereign Power Over Nonmembers of the State

This article addresses the relationship between the concepts of national identity and biopolitics by examining a border-transit camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers in Germany. Current studies of detention spaces for migrants have drawn heavily on Agamben’s reflection on the “camp” and “homo-sacer”, where the camp is analyzed as a space in permanent state of exception, in which the government exercises sovereign power over the refugee as the ultimate biopolitical subject. But what groups of people can end up at a camp, and does the government treat all groups in the same way? This article examines the German camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers as a space where the state’s borders are demarcated and controlled through practices of bureaucratic and narrative differentiation between various groups of people. The author uses the concept of detention space to draw a theoretical link between national identity and biopolitics, and demonstrates how the sovereign’s practices of control and differentiation at the camp construct German national identity through defining “nonmembers” of the state. The study draws on ethnographic fieldwork at the German border transit camp Friedland and on a discourse analysis of texts produced at the camp or for the camp.

Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. 2017. Vol. 45. No. 1. P. 41-60.

Capital Cities: Varieties and Patterns of Development and Relocation

The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.

L.; NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2017.

Childbearing among first- and second generation Russians in Estonia against the background of the sending and host countries

Background: An expanding literature documents the childbearing patterns of migrants and their descendants in contemporary Europe. The existing evidence pertains mainly to the northern, western, and southern regions of the continent, while less is known about the fertility of migrants who have moved between the countries of Eastern Europe.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the fertility patterns of first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia, relative to the sending and host populations.

Methods: The study draws on the Estonian and Russian Generations and Gender Surveys. Proportional hazards models are estimated for the transitions to first, second, and third births.

Results: Russian migrants in Estonia exhibit greater similarity to the sending population, with a lower propensity for having a second and third birth than the host population. This pattern extends to the descendants of migrants. However, mixed Estonian-Russian parentage, enrolment in Estonian-language schools, and residence among the host population are associated with the convergence of Russians’ childbearing behaviour with the host-country patterns. The findings support the cultural maintenance and adaptation perspectives; selectivity was found to be less important.

Contribution: The study focuses on a previously under-researched context and underscores the importance of contextual factors in shaping migrants’ fertility patterns. It raises the possibility that, depending on the childbearing trends and levels among the sending and receiving populations, large-scale migration may reduce rather than increase aggregate fertility in the host country. With the advancement of the fertility transition in sending countries, this situation may become more common in Europe in the future.

Puur A., Rahnu L., Abuladze L. et al.
Demographic Research. 2017. Vol. 36. P. 1209-1254.

Comparative statistics of Garman-Klass, Parkinson, Roger-Satchell and Bridge Estimators//Сравнительная статистика эстиматоров Гармана-Класса, Паркснсона, Рожера-Сетчела и эстиматора броуновского моста

Comparative statistical properties of Parkinson, Garman-Klass, Roger-Satchell and bridge oscillation estimators are discussed. Point and interval estimations, related with mentioned estimators are considered. The advantages of statistical indicators of the Brownian bridge than the other estimators had been shown. The results allow to conclude that the growth of trend leads to a significant shift of the calculated value for the classical.

Lapinova S. A., Saichev A. I.
Cogent Physics. 2017.
26 января 2017

Countries versus Disciplines: Comparative Analysis of Post-Soviet Transformations in Academic Publications from Belarus, Russia and Ukraine

The objective of this paper is to outline and compare frameworks for studying post-Soviet transformations developed by social scientists from various disciplines in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. The objective is realized by means of quantitative content analysis of scholarly articles’ abstracts in ninety-four journals in eight (inter)disciplinary fields that covers the period of 2001-2015. This paper seeks to answer the question whether differences in the studies of the post-Soviet transformations are defined by country discourse or by the field of study. The research results suggest that there is a two-level mechanism, by which the societal context affects academia, in this case, social sciences and humanities. While general directions of scholarly attention are determined by societal differences, representations of post-Soviet transformations are framed through specific disciplinary lenses that combine both international and post-Soviet features.

Tregubova N. D., Fabrykant M., Marchenko A.
Comparative Sociology. 2017. Vol. 16. No. 1. P. 147-177.
26 февраля 2017

Emotion Management and the Professional Culture of Administrative Social Workers in Russia: Common Standards Versus the Moral Mission of Social Care

В статье рассматривается эмоциональная работа специалистов по социальной работе в России как часть становления их профессиональной культуры. Исследование сфокусировано именно на специалистах по социальной работе или административных социальных работниках, особой группе в рамках этого рода занятий, которые работают в офисах или центрах по социальной работе и помогают оформить документы нуждающимся в социальной помощи. Автор начинает с рассмотрения имеющихся исследований в области социологии эмоций и социологии профессий, в которых исследуется управление эмоциями и приходит к выводу, что анализ эмоциональной работы в сфере социальной работы может привести к более глубокому и полному пониманию специфики и этических правил профессии. Далее следует анализ транскриптов интервью со специалистами по социальной работе, проведенных в рамках исследовательского проекта по изучению профессиональной культуры этого рода занятий. Анализ проводился с помощью кодирования в программе NVivo и показал, что эмоциональная работа ясно осознается информантами, которые стремятся снизить эмоциональные затраты в общении с клиентами и стандартизировать работу со своими эмоциями. Выполнение эмоциональной работы является функциональным для формирования профессиональной идентичности работников и становления их профессиональной культуры, а эмоциональные затраты и проблемы «окупаются» и преодолеваются с помощью представления о своей работе как о важной моральной миссии.

Journal of Social Policy Studies. 2017. Vol. 15. No. 1. P. 129-142.

Escaping Youth: Construction of Age by Two Cohorts of Chronologically Young Russian Women

The contemporary sociological debate highlights that youth is a category of age, but actual chronological youth is hardly viewed as a space of age production. Transition studies exclude youth as a stage of age identity production, while age studies do not problematize young people's experience. This article focuses on age construction by two groups of chronologically young women. The analysis of forty qualitative interviews with fifteen- to twenty-year-old girls and thirty- to thirty-five-year-old women from Saint Petersburg shows that the concept of youth is slipping away from the biographical narratives of the informants from both age groups. Subjective adulthood experienced by young women is a goal and a value, while a young body does not prove to be a significant and available resource. At the same time, adulthood is not constructed as a set of clearly defined social characteristics but as an identity, a subjective experience, embodied adult personhood.

Young. 2017.
20 октября 2016

GR:Взаимодействие бизнеса и органов власти.Учебник и практикум для бакалавриата и магистратуры

Учебник посвящен теоретическим и практическим аспектам взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Рассмотрены теоретические основы взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Проанализированы особенности взаимодействия государства и бизнеса в сфере инвестиций, государственных закупок, антимонопольного регулирования, государственно-частного партнерства, определяется социальная ответственность участников данного взаимодействия. Приводятся теоретические основы адаптации государства и бизнеса в условиях циклического развития экономики. Издание предназначено для бакалавров, обучающихся по направлению «Экономика», для магистрантов, обучающихся по разным направлениям, для преподавателей.

Марковская Е. И., Троицкая И. В., Медведь А. А. и др.
М.: Юрайт, 2017.