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HSE Researchers Model Protein Structure and Open the Door to Future Developments in New Generation Medicines

Structure and Dynamics of α-hairpinin Peptide Tk-hefu2 in Water: Computer Simulations, an article in which HSE researchers make discoveries relevant to a variety of fields, including mathematics, information science, physics, and biology, opens up new opportunities for medicines to arise that regulate the function of potassium channels that ensure the vital functioning of human cells.

January 19

Marriage Can Shape Self-perception

Once married, women tend to feel better off financially, while men report higher respect from others.

January 18

Homebrew or Homemade Wine: What Russians Choose

Consumers of homemade alcohol stay true to their preferences.

January 16

Scientists Reveal Relationship between Perfectionism and Insomnia

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, Northumbria and Oxford universities have found that perfectionism combined with increased anxiety can lead to sleep disturbances.

January 13

Publications

The Social Security System as a Source for National Pride: A Cross-National Analysisof Individual and Country-Level Factors

This research considers how representations of the social security system can be a source of national pride. It aims to uncover the specific features of pride in the social security system by estimating the effects of various factors based on cross-national evidence from the International Social Survey Program – National Identity and multiple country-level measurements of social policies. The results show that the level of pride in the social security system is higher than pride in other socioeconomic achievements and has higher variance at the aggregated country level. The higher variance is due to the country-specific objective characteristics of the social sphere, especially those directly related to material well-being, and also to the expectations formed by the past: the socialist legacy negatively affects pride in the social security system even more strongly than other facets of pride. The strongest individual-level factors affecting pride in the social security are those directly related to social inequality. Pride is lower among those who are more vulnerable and dependent on social policies (generally women rather than men) and those who bear the costs (full-time employed as main taxpayers). On the other hand, it is higher among those who might appreciate its necessity in ideological terms (the better educated) and need it less (those with higher subjective social status). This outcome shows an important discrepancy in evaluations: those with a greater impact on policymaking have a more optimistic view of the social security system than those whom it primarily affects. These results have important policy implications as they suggest that, by presenting social policy issues in a more positive manner and specifically targeting past-oriented expectations, policymakers can foster public understanding and involvement.

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Journal of Social Policy Studies. 2016. Vol. 14. No. 4. P. 583-596.
Jan 16, 2017

Multicultural teaching environment: Problems and specificsof knowledge transfer

In contemporary society, teachers often have to deal with a multicultural student audience, both in a traditional format, and in the process of online training. In general, the culture of each country has an impact on the educational process and largely determines is. This, in turn, implies a uniqueness of the educational content, objectives, value and tasks of education, teaching methods, pedagogical discourse, specifics of building an educational path, etc. This paper traces the relationship between the cultural influence and educational practices expressed in target, value and communication formats. Many teachers call attention to the problem of constructive knowledge transfer in a multicultural teaching environment as the main problem in this context, in addition to the specifics of cognitive, communication and psycho-pedagogical factors. However, the multicultural environment is taken to mean not only national differences, but also a different previous professional “background” (this refers to students of master’s programs, etc.). In this paper, we share the experience of selecting criteria for the possibility of building a cultural cognitive model of communication with students (tactical and strategic methods of developing various types of discourse) in order to optimize the teaching process in the multicultural environment. The criteria based on which a new-generation multicultural educational environment is to be built and which is able to provide constructive knowledge transfer are presented as follows: communication criterion (change of traditional communication forms in the “teacher – student” system), methodological criterion (emergence of the cultural and adaptive methods of work with educational information), content criterion (differentiation and possible inhomogeneity of the educational content in the educational process) and information criterion (development and use of educational resources taking into account cultural specifics of information perception and handling). The aforementioned points, in turn, cannot but affect

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Taratuhina Y. V., Жаров В. К.
Business Informatics. 2016. No. 2. P. 63-70.
Jan 13, 2017

Participation of the public in social development: the role of media (Общественное участие в социальном развитии: роль медиа)

The authors of this paper elaborate on the idea that in the modern postindustrial information society, social development is closely connected with the process of communication enhancement. That is to say that the transfer from monologue to dialogue and from isolated communication channels to integrated ones in the field of communications predefines an inevitable activation of citizen participation in shaping the direction and means of social development. The authors consider the transfer from media support to media collaboration to be a new motion vector to the organization of public participation in social development. This paper states that an open and effective dialogue is a sign of conscious and actively realizable media collaboration.

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Dzyaloshinsky I. M., Dzialoshinskaya M. I.
World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies. 2016. P. 209-233.
Jan 13, 2017

The Militarization of the Past in Russian Popular Historical Films

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This paper is devoted to the problem of the militarization of culture in modern Russia. The two key scientific fields are public history and the politics of memory. Firstly, based on the official documents and statements of authorities, the paper will characterize the relations between the state and Russian cinema as well as the role of history and historical films in the contemporary politics of memory. Secondly, after identifying the role of popular cinema in Russia, the paper will explore the characteristics of historical periods in popular films, based on the hypothesis that the Russian past is mostly represented around or inside war, while the criticism of war is becoming less and less important for popular cinema

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The Ideology and Politics Journal. 2016. No. 1. P. 31-50.
Jan 6, 2017

Speech action grounds of algorithmic coding answers to an open-ended question: a case of defining a good institution

To reduce complexity and increase reliability of coding answers to open-ended questions are among the main targets of the survey methodology. Using the answers to an open-ended question recorded by the interviewers during a Russian national sample survey, the article demonstrates a procedure, which allows (1) explicating the syntactic-and-semantic structure of the answers, expected by the asked question designer, (2) reconstructing a repertoire of the questions, which were actually answered, (3) diagnosing communicative adequacy of the question as it was designed for a survey, (4) specifying instructions for interviewers how to record and for codifiers how to code the answers to an open-ended question, and (5) elaborating a comprehensive framework of school grammar categories to formal systematic (pre)coding answers to open-ended questions. The qualitative (logical-and-semantic) perspective on sample survey communication, it is shown, is extremely useful to grasp crucial differences between the respondents’ tongue(s) and the pollster’ one.

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Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2016. No. 5. P. 16-30.
Jan 5, 2017

Social Media and Corruption

Do new media promote accountability in non-democratic countries, where offline media are often suppressed? We show that blog posts, which exposed corruption in Russian state-controlled companies, had a negative causal impact on their market returns. For identification, we exploit the precise timing of blog posts by looking at within-day results with company-day fixed effects. Furthermore, we show that the posts are ultimately associated with higher management turnover and less minority shareholder conflicts. Taken together, our results suggest that social media can discipline corruption even in a country with limited political competition and heavily censored traditional media.

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Enikolopov R., Petrova M., Sonin K.
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 2017.
Jan 5, 2017

Videos

Dr. Matteo Feurra: "Brain Stimulation and Cognitive Functions"

May 27, 2016