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Regular version of the site
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Five Scientific Facts about Migrants

Most migrants coming to Russia change occupations, go without healthcare and spend their free time with their compatriots.

November 30

Why There is Not Enough Milk in Russia

Low-quality dairy products have taken one quarter of the Russian dairy market. In the cheese segment, this share has reached 80%.

Why Maths at Schools Shouldn’t Be Simplified

A good knowledge of algebra and geometry helps schoolchildren to solve some other types of tasks, including applied ones. These are the findings made by researchers from HSE, Stanford, and Michigan State University in a joint study.

Why Men Find Switching Tasks More Difficult

Needing to switch attention between tasks causes stronger activation in certain brain regions in men compared to women.

Publications

Thinking about Persons: Loci Personarum in Humanist Dialectic Between Agricola and Keckermann

Loci personarum, ‘topics for persons’ were used in Latin rhetoric for the description of persons, their external circumstances, physical attributes, or qualities of character. They stood in the way of fusing rhetoric and dialectic, the goal of sixteenth-century ‘humanistic’ logic: the project of a unified theory of invention depends on the exclusion of loci personarum from the domain of dialectic proper. But still they cannot easily be replaced in the class room. Bartholomaeus Keckermann resolved these difficulties: he proposed to abandon the notion that loci personarum could play a role in finding new arguments concerning persons. So they pose no risks for a unified theory of invention, because they can only be used for the exposition of information that we already have. Since loci personarum are concerned with individuals, the knowledge about individuals that is available to us is inescapably circumstantial and contingent, defying the claim of generality or necessity of dialectic made by Keckermann’s sixteenth-century predecessors. However, our thinking about persons is primarily interested in those aspects that we do not share with other members of our species. For Keckermann, persons are therefore logically different from most individuals belonging to other species.

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History and Philosophy of Logic. 2016. P. 1-23.
Dec 2, 2016

An Approach to Knowledge Management in Construction Service – Oriented Architecture

Modern business driving requires agility in the reflecting changes of Service-oriented Enterprise Architecture (SoEA). For this purpose Subject-oriented Business Process Management (S-BPM) was used for facilitation of structured communication between process participants, process experts and resulted generation of collaborative business process. During such generation all necessary requirements for supporting resources (such as information, know-how, intellectual and professional skills, inputs and outputs, quality and operational risk limitations, moderation, control and monitoring) are taken into consideration using the operational knowledge of experts and project participants that act inside the predefined business area. The work results in updating the business model selecting business services from the virtual SOA torrent (that catches rated cloud services on the internet) and represents the basis for quickly adjustable “real-time” service-oriented enterprise architectures.

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Gromoff A. I., Kazantsev N., Bilinkis (Stavenko) J.
Procedia Computer Science. 2016. Vol. 96. P. 1179-1185.
Nov 29, 2016

Theatre Plays as ‘Small Worlds’? Network Data on the History and Typology of German Drama, 1730–1930

Decades ago, alongside more traditional structuralist paradigms that were largely based on linguistic theorems (Lotman 1972, Titzmann 1977), literary studies began to undertake structural analyses based on empirical sociology, in particular the social network analysis. Structure was no longer solely defined by semantic relations (such as opposition or equivalence), but by social interactions, too (Marcus 1973; Stiller, Nettle and Dunbar 2003; de Nooy 2005; Stiller and Hudson 2005; Elson, Dames and McKeown 2010; Agarwal et al., 2012). In the context of the Digital Humanities, this kind of approaches has gained a new dynamic in shape of a dedicated literary network analysis (Moretti 2011; Rydberg-Cox 2011; Park, Kim and Cho 2013; Trilcke 2013). This method is based on the analysis of bigger literary corpora (i.e., quantitative data) and promises insights into the history of literature as well as generic characteristics of literary texts. In our project, "dlina. Digital LIterary Network Analysis", we already developed a workflow for the extraction, analysis and visualisation of network data from dramatic texts built on basic TEI markup (Fischer, Kampkaspar, Göbel, Trilcke, 2015). This paper will present results of our analysis of the network data gathered so far and discuss them in the light of current theories in the field of social network analysis.

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Fischer F., Göbel M., Kampkaspar D. et al.
In bk.: Digital Humanities 2016. Conference Abstracts (Jagiellonian University & Pedagogical University, Kraków, 11–16 July 2016). Kraków: 2016. P. 385-387.
Nov 9, 2016

Socio-Economic Predictors of Student Mobility

This paper analyses the determinants of student mobility under the unified system of admission in Russia and evaluates the barriers which still limit educational mobility. It is argued that even under the Unified State Examination (USE) and the decreased transaction costs of applying to universities, student mobility is directed towards more developed regional educational markets and richer regions, but is still limited due to the financial constraints in the absence of the additional student support. Russia is a unique case, because it consists of regions with a high variation in socio-economic development and has local higher education markets with different levels of competition between universities. This study shows the importance of the institutional characteristics of regions in student mobility.

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Prakhov I., Bocharova M.
Higher School of Economics Research Paper. WP BRP 34/EDU/2016. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016
Nov 7, 2016

The importance of institutional and organizational characteristics for the use of fixed-term and agency work contracts in Russia

Non-renewable fixed-term and agency work contracts are becoming more used instead of the traditional Russian model of open-ended employment. The authors examine the influence of institutional and organizational factors on the use of two forms of non-standard work contracts in Russia with data from a Survey covering 3313 enterprises for the years 2009 to 2011. Probit and Tobit regressions are used to test several hypotheses about the use of non-standard work contracts derived from the literature. The results indicate that state-owned and unionized enterprises are more likely to use fixed-term contracts; and a high level of perceived dismissal protection for permanent workers is positively associated with fixed-term contracts use. The incidence and intensity of fixed-term and agency work contracts are lower at enterprises with flexible wages. A significant impact of organizational factors is confirmed only for fixed-term contracts. Enterprises use less fixed-term contracts, if they have workers with tenure from 5 to 10 years and high job complexity.

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Smirnykh L. I., Woergoetter A.
Econ WPS. Economics. University of Technology, Vienna, 2016. No. 9.
Nov 9, 2016

The Role of Innovation and Globalization Strategies in Post-Crisis Recovery

The aim of the research is to conduct an empirical investigation and reveal what types of globalization and innovation strategies in turbulent and unfavorable regional institutional environment are most likely to be associated with different trajectories of Russian manufacturing firms’ performance in 2007-2012. We employ the results of empirical survey of 1000 medium and large enterprises in manufacturing (2009) linked to financial data from Amadeus database and the data on the regional institutional environment. We test that (1) introduction of innovations before the crisis ceteris paribus helped the firms to successfully pass the crisis and recover. We expect that (2) companies that became globalized before the crisis (via importing of intermediate and capital goods; exporting; FDI; establishment of partner linkages with foreign firms) ceteris paribus are more likely to successfully pass the crisis and grow. And (3) propose the positive effect of synergy of innovation efforts and globalization strategy of the firm. We expect that the abovementioned factors are complimentary and reinforce the ability of the firm to recover after crisis shock. We found strong support for the hypothesis that firms financing introduction of new products before the crisis and simultaneously managed to promote and sell them on the global market were rewarded by quick return to the growing path after global crisis. Other strategies, i.e. solely innovations without exporting play insignificant role while exporting without attempts to introduce new products contribute even negatively to post-crisis recover. Institutional environment also matters: in the regions with less level of corruption firms were more likely to grow after the crisis.

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Golikova V., Kuznetsov B.
Basic research program. WP BRP. National research university Higher School of economics, 2016. No. 123/EC/2.
Oct 23, 2016

Videos

Dr. Matteo Feurra: "Brain Stimulation and Cognitive Functions"

May 27