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Regular version of the site
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Motor Cortex Influences Word Comprehension

Researchers from HSE, Northumbria University, and Aarhus University have experimentally confirmed the hypothesis, whereby comprehension of a word’s meaning involves not only the ‘classic’ language brain centres but also the cortical regions responsible for the control of body muscles, such as hand movements. The resulting brain representations are, therefore, distributed across a network of locations involving both areas specialised for language processing and those responsible for the control of the associated action. The results have been published in the journal Neuropsychologia.

February 15

Risk-prone Students More Likely to Drop Out

Students with high levels of risk acceptance are more likely to have problems with adapting to academic life and making it to graduation.

How Extracurricular Clubs and School Progress Correlate

Academic progress and the leisure time of schoolchildren are strongly linked. High-achieving schoolchildren usually go to clubs and studios after classes, while lower achievers spend their free time in the street, HSE researchers have discovered.

February 13

HSE Experts Investigate How Order Emerges From Chaos

Igor Kolokolov and Vladimir Lebedev, scientific experts from HSE’s Faculty of Physics and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, have developed an analytical theory, which binds the structure of coherent vortices formed due to inverse cascades in 2-D turbulence with the statistical properties of hydrodynamic fluctuations. Uncovering this link can be useful in identifying the causes of the particular characteristics of such atmospheric phenomena as cyclones and anticyclones. Their research is presented in an article published in the ‘Journal of Fluid Mechanics’.

February 10

Publications

Tight Money and the Sustainability of Public Debt

In the celebrated paper “Some unpleasant monetarist arithmetic”, Sargent and Wallace (1981) show that tight monetary policy is not feasible unless it is supported by appropriate fiscal adjustment. In this paper, we explore a simple forward-looking monetary model to show that an anticipated decrease in the growth rate of base money is not necessarily characterized by “unpleasant arithmetic”. This is due to a possible transitory gain in seigniorage supported by a temporal decrease in the real interest rate, which keeps public debt on a sustainable path. An important implication is that an increase in the present value of future budget deficits does not necessarily have inflationary consequences.

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International Journal of Central Banking. 2017. Vol. 13. No. 1. P. 191-223.
Feb 16, 2017

Electronic means of foreign language learning

Integration of information communication technologies, enhancing students’ motivation and adding to personalized learning, into higher education is challenging but beneficial. It is particularly acute in the field of foreign language learning which requires language competence formation along with knowledge of grammar patterns, vocabulary specificity and reproductive skills in listening, reading, speaking and writing. The given article reflects the current trends of e-learning of foreign languages to providing insights of teaching and learning practice, theoretical literature review and empirical data gained by students’ opinion polls in NRU HSE Nizhniy Novgorod branch. Both advantages and shortcomings are analyzed and the comparison of the traditional classroom education and innovative is carried out. Recent trends in e-learning of foreign languages, use of various tools and numerous techniques are considered.

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Educational Research Review. 2017. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 116-119.
Feb 14, 2017

First-time managers: Increasing chances of their success before the promotion

Conversations about support of first-time managers to ease their transition to management usually evolve around either the ways newly promoted managers could help themselves by developing certain skills, knowledge base, and attitudes (e.g., Gaster and Gaster, 2006; Seibly, 2014), or the ways in which organizations could implement certain training and development activities after employees are promoted to managerial positions (e.g., Sillett, 2015; Walker, 2002). Very little has been said about “the before” or the preparation period. If promotion to management is accompanied by tremendous pressure, stress, frustration, and losses and could lead to termination, why should we wait till one is promoted to provide some support? Could something be done earlier? Therefore, the questions that this article will address, what could be done before the promotion to management to help first-time managers succeed in their new roles? If we choose to have a preparation period, how would we approach those learning and development initiatives?

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Industrial and Commercial Training. 2017. Vol. 49. No. 3.
Feb 11, 2017

The Crisis of Russian Legal Education in Comparative Perspective

There is talk of a crisis in legal education today, not only in Russia, but also around the world. In Russia, however, the matter of legal education reform is especially critical. The irony is that, governed by lawyers over many years, Russia tries to ignore the rule of law. The author states his own vision of those challenges faced by the present Russian system of legal education. He discloses the reasons and offers possible ways out of the current situation. The key problem is the closed and isolated nature of Russian legal education and legal academia. Revealing Russian law to the world, including all its features, advantages and shortcomings, is the main focus.

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Maleshin D.
Journal of Legal Education. 2017. Vol. 66. No. 2. P. 289-308.
Feb 9, 2017

Wind and solar PV technical potentials: measurement methodology and assessments for Russia

Lack of reliable data often prevents new private investments in renewable energy and government programs in this sphere. The paper offers a novel renewable energy resources system of potentials: energy, resource saving and environmental; better designed and more accurate methods for calculating the future exploitable technical potentials of wind and solar PV energy for a wide range of generating equipment in centralized and distributed power systems, taking into account existing social and environmental limitations. The paper also presents the latest assessments of these potentials for Russia and its 85 regions (in terms of fossil fuel saving and substitution, power and heat production and environmental effects), offering solutions to overcome methodological limitations of previous county-level assessments, such as incomplete or unreliable sources, absence of hourly, daily and monthly assessments, etc. Given the limitations of existing network of national meteorological stations and satellite monitoring systems it was decided to use NASA SSE database as a source of meteorological information. The methodology was validated through a comparative analysis of the data obtained in the course of this study and the data of wind monitoring campaign carried out by a German engineering company in one Russia’s region for 18 months using 80m masts.

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Ермоленко Г. В., Ермоленко Б. В., Proskuryakova L. N. et al.
Energy. 2017.
Feb 9, 2017

Rhyme in European Verse: A Case for Quantitative Historical Poetics

Building on the statistical approach to verse previously applied to the analysis of syllabo-accentual versification, this article puts forward a new quantitative method for interpreting  metered verse that takes into account several formal properties, including rhythm, rhyming and stanzaic architecture. Against the background of a broad typology of European verse, we argue that a basic compensatory mechanism balancing different levels of organization of verse is complicated by factors of literary history, particularly the interaction between different national traditions of versification. As a particularly challenging case study we investigate the moment of the introduction of syllabo-accentual verse into Russia in the 1730s, which witnessed an encounter of several practices of versification historically tied to Polish, German and French literatures. In addition to effects of borrowing and to typological tendencies rooted in human cognition, the article uncovers a previously unexplored kind of formal complexity in verse that arises within an evolving tradition of versification. Thus, certain non-trivial correlations between rhythm and rhyme are observed in Pushkin’s verse, but not in the works of Lomonosov who stands at the origin of syllabo-accentual verse in Russia. The article concludes with a discussion of the theoretical implications of these conclusions for the evolving methodology of Historical Poetics.    

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Nikitina Т., Rodin (Maslov) B.
Submitted. 2017.
Feb 8, 2017

Videos

Dr. Matteo Feurra: "Brain Stimulation and Cognitive Functions"

May 27, 2016