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Демография

Почему бабушек заменяют нянями

Конфликты с родственниками по поводу воспитания детей снижают уверенность матери в своих силах и вынуждают прибегать к помощи няни.
12 октября, 2016 г.

Пять научных фактов о миграции

Приезжая в Россию, большинство мигрантов меняет профессию, лишается квалифицированной медпомощи и общается среди "своих".
11 октября, 2016 г.

Вторые браки увеличивают рождаемость

Создание новой семьи способствует появлению второго ребенка.

Пять научных фактов о пенсионерах

Пожилые люди в России мало занимаются спортом, но могут долго и упорно работать.
29 сентября, 2016 г.

Публикации

Age-specific net migration patterns in the municipal formations of Russia

This paper analyses the spatial patterns of internal migration in Russia using data on net migration gain/loss in 2200 municipal formations (MFs) in Russia for the 2012–2013 period. These MFs are grouped into age categories that correspond with different life-course stages. We define 16 classes of MFs with similar migration balance patterns for multiple age groups and characterize the most typical classes. The results of our analysis show that age-specific migration patterns are determined by the spatial characteristics of MFs—in particular, a municipality’s localization in the centreperiphery system and the advantages of the geographic location (e.g., resort area, natural resources). We find that a city’s population size and administrative status are also important migration factors. In addition, we reveal differences in inter-regional and intra-regional migration and define their structural characteristics. An analysis of age-specific net migration contributes to our understanding of internal migration factors and allows us to assess the impact of migration on a municipality’s age structure. In large cities and regional centres, migration results in younger populations, while in peripheral areas, it speeds up population ageing. In most of the MFs that we analysed, the migration of youth and adults ‘moves’ in opposite directions. This factor accelerates the impact of migration on the population age structure in areas of destination and origin and significantly influences a municipality’s current and prospective demographic parameters as well as the population’s patterns of settlement and spatial concentration or de-concentration both nationally and regionally.

… 
GeoJournal. 2017.

Biopolitics, Borders, and Refugee Camps: Exercising Sovereign Power Over Nonmembers of the State

This article addresses the relationship between the concepts of national identity and biopolitics by examining a border-transit camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers in Germany. Current studies of detention spaces for migrants have drawn heavily on Agamben’s reflection on the “camp” and “homo-sacer”, where the camp is analyzed as a space in permanent state of exception, in which the government exercises sovereign power over the refugee as the ultimate biopolitical subject. But what groups of people can end up at a camp, and does the government treat all groups in the same way? This article examines the German camp for repatriates, refugees and asylum seekers as a space where the state’s borders are demarcated and controlled through practices of bureaucratic and narrative differentiation between various groups of people. The author uses the concept of detention space to draw a theoretical link between national identity and biopolitics, and demonstrates how the sovereign’s practices of control and differentiation at the camp construct German national identity through defining “nonmembers” of the state. The study draws on ethnographic fieldwork at the German border transit camp Friedland and on a discourse analysis of texts produced at the camp or for the camp.

… 
Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. 2017. Vol. 45. No. 1. P. 41-60.

Escaping Youth: Construction of Age by Two Cohorts of Chronologically Young Russian Women

The contemporary sociological debate highlights that youth is a category of age, but actual chronological youth is hardly viewed as a space of age production. Transition studies exclude youth as a stage of age identity production, while age studies do not problematize young people's experience. This article focuses on age construction by two groups of chronologically young women. The analysis of forty qualitative interviews with fifteen- to twenty-year-old girls and thirty- to thirty-five-year-old women from Saint Petersburg shows that the concept of youth is slipping away from the biographical narratives of the informants from both age groups. Subjective adulthood experienced by young women is a goal and a value, while a young body does not prove to be a significant and available resource. At the same time, adulthood is not constructed as a set of clearly defined social characteristics but as an identity, a subjective experience, embodied adult personhood.

… 
Young. 2017.
20 октября 2016

GR:Взаимодействие бизнеса и органов власти.Учебник и практикум для бакалавриата и магистратуры

Учебник посвящен теоретическим и практическим аспектам взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Рассмотрены теоретические основы взаимодействия бизнеса и государства. Проанализированы особенности взаимодействия государства и бизнеса в сфере инвестиций, государственных закупок, антимонопольного регулирования, государственно-частного партнерства, определяется социальная ответственность участников данного взаимодействия. Приводятся теоретические основы адаптации государства и бизнеса в условиях циклического развития экономики. Издание предназначено для бакалавров, обучающихся по направлению «Экономика», для магистрантов, обучающихся по разным направлениям, для преподавателей.

… 
Марковская Е. И., Троицкая И. В., Медведь А. А. и др.
М.: Юрайт, 2017.

Migration background and educational achievements in Russia

Using logit regressions and longitudinal data of schoolchildren aged 6-14 (from 1st to 8th grades) over the period 2010-2013 (four waves), this article empirically examines the impact of migration status on educational achievements in Russia.  In contrast to most of the previous empirical literature, our panel data control the impact of monotonous determinants of educational achievements, such as parental education, family income, parental professional status, and many other key background factors. Our findings suggest that migration background has no effect on educational achievements after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES), child’s health, school type, settlement, and other personal characteristics, which have statistically significant effects in distinguishing between successful and unsuccessful students.

… 
Migraciones Internacionales. 2017. No. 32.

The effects of prenatal testosterone on wages: Evidence from Russia

Is in utero exposure to testosterone correlated with earnings? The question matters for understanding determinants of wage differences that have attracted so much attention among economists in the past decade. Evidence indicates that markers for early testosterone exposure are correlated with traits like risk-taking and aggressiveness. But it is not at all clear how such findings might map into labor market success. We combine unique data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey with measured markers (2D:4D ratios) for testosterone exposure and find that lower digit ratios (higher T) correlate with higher wages for women and for men, when controlling for age, education and occupation. There is also some evidence of a potential non-linear, inverse U-effect of digit ratios on wages but this is sensitive to choice of specification. These findings are consistent with earlier work on prenatal T and success in careers (Coates et al., 2009) but inconsistent with the work of Gielen et al. (2016) who find differing effects for men and women.

… 
Nye J. V., Bruhanov M., Kochergina E. V. et al.
Economics and Human Biology. 2017. Vol. 24. P. 43-60.

Видео

Ольга Зевелева: "Миграционная политика и коллективная идентичность"

Журналы

Книги

Время демографических перемен: избранные статьи

Книга представляет собой сборник избранных статей А.Г. Вишневского, публиковавшихся, в основном, на протяжении последних 10–15 лет и посвященных ключевым вопросам демографии XXI в.

Главное внимание в отобранных для издания статьях сосредоточено на теоретическом осмыслении происходящих в мире фундаментальных демографических перемен и вызываемых ими последствий. Эти последствия имеют универсальный характер и пронизывают все уровни социальной реальности — от семейного до глобального. Важное место в книге занимает российская проблематика, автор стремится осмыслить переживаемые Россией демографические перемены и стоящие перед ней демографические вызовы в контексте универсальных и глобальных демографических перемен и вызовов. Часть статей посвящена истории и современному состоянию отечественной демографической науки.

Потенциальная аудитория книги — исследователи, представляющие широкий круг обществоведческих дисциплин, преподаватели и студенты, политики и журналисты, а также читатели, интересующиеся демографией и смежными науками.

Выход книги приурочен к 80-летию А.Г. Вишневского.

Рецензии:
• Журнал  "Вопросы философии" № 5, 2016
• Журнал "Неприкосновенный запас" №109 (5/2016)

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