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История

Как студенты воспринимают события 1917 года

Октябрьская социалистическая революция имеет двойную символику в сознании современной молодежи.

Как история меняет речь

Войны, реформы, революции и подобные исторические события влияют на язык людей. Как лингвистика помогает изучать историю, рассказали в новой книге ученые Вышки.

Публикации

Challenged harmony. Byzantine dispute over the form of the universe

Throughout the whole Byzantine era we witness the coexistence of the spherical conception of the universe which has its’ roots in ancient science and the pattern of tabernacle based on the Holy Writ. Only once in 6th century the opposite views became a subject for a dispute, but even then rather as a part of a broader theological controversy. Since that time the two conceptions survived in different cultural milieus and thence had no point of intersection. Only in 12 century Michael Glycas writing his chronicle in a simple language approaches the issue. Proving that the universe has a shape of a sphere he tries to make scholar knowledge available to a general public. By doing so he even dares to come into contradiction with John Chrysostom himself.

… 
Micrologus. Natura, scienze e società medievali. 2017. Vol. 25. P. 37-46.

Democracy in the Russian Far East during the Revolution of 1905–1907

The First Russian Revolution demonstrated that there was considerable interest in democracy in the Transbaikal, Amur, and Maritime Regions in 1905–1907, which was widely shared across the empire and in East Asia. Democracy was understood as economic welfare, social justice, civil liberties, popular representation, decentralization, and national self-determination. Like elsewhere in the empire, protests started with economic demands, but many trade and professional political unions, strike committees, and soviets developed political programs. In Vladivostok, unrests among soldiers and sailors erupted into major riots with numerous casualties in October 1905, despite the attempts of Military Doctor Mikhail Aleksandrovich Kudrzhinskii and other intellectuals to make the movement peaceful. In Blagoveshchensk, the Amur Cossack teacher Mikhail Nikitich Astaf’ev joined a group of intellectuals who attempted to turn the municipal duma into a provisional government. In Nikolsk-Ussuriysky, Doctor Nikolai Vasil’evich Kirilov presided over the founding congress of the Ussuri Peasant Union, which discussed the introduction of rural revolutionary self-government. In Chita, Social Democrats under Anton Antonovich Kostiushko-Voliuzhanich took over much of the Transbaikal Railway. Tsyben Zhamtsarano and other Buryat intellectuals assembled for congresses demanding indigenous self-government. The recognition of these territories as the Russian Far East had already begun, but the loosely united Transbaikal, Maritime, and Amur Regions remained part of Siberia or North Asia for contemporary observers. The unity of Siberia from the Urals to the Pacific was reinforced by Siberian Regionalism which attracted the support of regional liberals and moderate socialists and consolidated through joint activities of Siberian deputies.

… 
Russian History. 2017.

Doctor et legislator Yspaniarum в эпоху Реконкисты: образ святого Исидора во «Всемирной хронике» Луки Туйского

В XI–XIII в. после перенесения мощей Исидора Севильского из Севильи, занятой мусульманами, в христианский Леон в леонской епархии стал складываться культ святого. Развитию этого культа послужили сочинения Луки Туйского, каноника собора св. Исидора в Леоне, впоследствии епископа г. Туй в Галисии. В статье анализируется образ Исидора в его историческом произведении, «Всемирной хронике», охватывающей период от сотворения мира до взятия христианами Кордовы в 1236 г. Автор показывает, какие источники использовал Лука Туйский для создания образа св. Исидора и как этот образ повлиял на дальнейшую хронистику. Так, Исидор во «Всемирной хронике» предстает учителем и законодателем Испании, хранителем истинной веры в противовес пророку Мухаммаду, с которым, по версии Луки, он чуть было не встретился. Кроме того, Исидор, оказывается, предсказал не только арабское завоевание, но и последующую Реконкисту, став таким образом одним покровителем христиан Испании. … 
Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия 2: История. История РПЦ. 2017. Т. II. № 74. С. 11-23.
12 марта 2017

Europa sanctorum: политическое, культурное, социальное

Сборник статей, посвященным разным аспектам культа святых в христианских культурах Запада и Востока Европы в Средние века

… 
М.: Университет Дмитрия Пожарского, 2017.
18 июня 2016

Making Baikal Russian: Imperial Politics at the Russian-Qing Border

The essay discusses power asymmetries and transcultural entanglements in the Baikal region at the border between the Russian and Qing empires. The Russian imperial authorities used transculturality, the diversity of regional population and its transboundary connections, as a resource in their attempts to control parts of the former Qing Empire, but at the same time tried to reduce it through Russification, Christianization, and homogenization of social groups, which led to protest and instability instead of the anticipated results. Consolidation of Russian rule in some spheres undermined its control over others and led to unexpected increase in cultural and political diversity. 

… 
Europe-Asia Studies. 2017.
1 декабря 2015

Making the Korean nation in the Russian Far East, 1863–1926

Exploring the history of Koreans in the Russian Far East from the perspective of New Imperial History, the article demonstrated that political activism of Koreans and policies of the Russian (Soviet), Korean, and Japanese governments resulted in consolidation of two visions of their future. The first vision implied unity between the Koreans living in the Russian Far East with those who stayed in Korea, moved to Japan, or emigrated elsewhere and corresponded to the agenda of building a Korean nation. The second vision implied that the bilingual or Russified Koreans aspired to stay in the Russian Far East permanently, ensuring their own livelihood in the new regional frontier. The two currents interlaced in the project of Korean autonomy in a post-imperial state, first the Far Eastern Republic (FER) and later the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The project involved inclusion of Koreans into the global spread of revolution through the Communist International and left the issue of the duration of Korean presence in the Russian Far East opened. Its ultimate failure in 1926 left the Koreans partly excluded from the Soviet system without the institutional benefits of a national autonomy.

… 
Sablin I., Kuchinsky A.
Nationalities Papers. 2017.

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